Imvano y’urwango rwa Museveni ku Banyarwanda

Yanditswe na IGIHE
Kuya 14 Kanama 2018 saa 12:12
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Amateka agaragaza ko Perezida Yoweri Museveni aturuka mu bwoko buzwi nka Banyarwanda bwemewe muri Uganda, gusa amateka ashingiye ku nkomoko ye yamuteye kwiyoberanya ngo abashe kuramba muri politiki, mu gihe kuyinjiramo bitamubereye inzira iharuye.

Ayo mateka niyo asesengurwa agatanga ishusho y’imvano y’ugufatwa nabi kwa Banyarwanda muri Uganda, ndetse mu muri iyi minsi higanje ihohoterwa bakorerwa kuko gusa bakomoka mu kindi gihugu, u Rwanda.

Abo Banyarwanda baheruka no kugaragaza ko batorohewe n’ikibazo cyo kudahabwa ibyangombwa by’abajya mu mahanga, ibyo byose bikabazwa leta ya Uganda.

Dusubiye inyuma ahagana mu mwaka wa 1980 ubwo Museveni yatangiraga indoto za politiki, yahuye n’ikigeragezo ubwo yahataniraga kuba umudepite uhagarariye Mbarara y’Amajyaruguru ahanganye na Sam Kutesa, ubu ni Minisitiri w’Ububanyi n’amahanga wa Uganda, agatsindwa ndetse ntahite abyakira.

Imbere y’imbaga, Kutesa, yamusabye kwereka aho akomoka abo akeneye ko bazamutora, amushinja ko ari umwimukira w’Umunyarwanda. Kuri Museveni byabaye ikigeragezo kuko yari inzitizi ku nzozi ze nk’umunyapolitiki.

Kugira ngo akomeze indoto ze yiyemeje uburyo bwo gutura wa muzigo w’inkomoko ye kuko byari bimaze kugaragara ko ahazaza he muri politiki hatagishingiye ku kunyura mu nzira zo kwiyamamaza ugatorwa na rubanda.

Mu gitabo yiyandikiye yise “Sowing the Mustard Seed”, kuri paji ya 117 Museveni agaragaza ibitekerezo bye nyuma y’amatora ati “nashakaga kujya hanze ya politiki nkaguma mu gisirikare,” anagaragaza inkomanga aterwa n’inkomoko ye.

Nk’uko umwanditsi James Matsiko yabigaragaje mu nyandiko ye yasohoye kuri uyu wa Mbere tariki 13 Kanama 2018, uwari Perezida wa Uganda, Milton Obote, yigeze kuvuga ati “Museveni ntabwo yigeze ahisha ko adakunda imiyoborere ishingiye kuri demokarasi,” icyo gihe hari kuwa 21 Ukuboza 1981 mu ijambo yagejeje ku Nteko Ishinga amategeko.

Mu myaka yakurikiye, kuwa 9 Gashyantare 1985, ubwo yendaga gutsindwa intambara, Obote yashatse gukora nka Kutesa, abwirana uburakazi umunyamakuru wa BBC ko Museveni ari umuntu utazwi ku banya-Uganda, ‘impunzi’, atari umwenegihugu.

Icyo gihe byagaragariraga Abanya-Uganda ko Obote ari kwibasira inkomoko ya Museveni mu minsi ye ya nyuma ndetse nta kintu yari agihagazeho.

Nyuma y’umwaka umwe Museveni yari amaze kumusimbura ku butegetsi. Ibyo ariko ngo ntibyavanyeho ko yari akibitse ku mutima ko agomba gukemura iby’inkomoko ye kugira ngo abashe kugumana ubutegetsi.

Ngo byatumye yivayo ngo ashimishe abanya-Uganda mu ngeri zinyuranye haba mu guhindura imibereho yabo, ngo yigarurire icyizere maze yakirwe n’abaturage b’icyo gihugu.

Aho ngo ni naho hashibutsemo urwango ku Rwanda na Banyarwanda, mu myumvire yo kwibwira ngo “nta muntu numwe wazongera kumfata nk’Umunyarwanda kandi mba nagaragaje uburyo mbanga.”

Abahanga mu bijyanye n’inkomoko bagaragaza ko abasangiye isano hari ibyo bahuza ariko urwango Museveni yagiriye abo bahuje inkomoko, Banyarwanda, rwazanye umwihariko muri iyi myumvire.

Impamvu yabyo

Abakurikiranye iki kibazo bagaragaza ko kugira ngo agere ku ndoto ze muri politiki, inyota y’umuryango we n’abantu bawo ba hafi, Museveni yiyumvishije ko abantu barimo bene wabo bagomba kuba ibitambo by’umugambi we.

Mu gitabo yise “Black Skins White Masks” umuhanga Franz Fanon yagarutse ku buryo umuntu agerageza kwitandukanya n’uwo ari we wa nyawe, akenshi bigakorwa n’umuntu abigiriye amaronko runaka.

Ukwitandukanya n’inkomoko ye kwa Museveni kwari ukugira ngo agere ku nzozi z’ubwana bwe kandi ngo azikomereho ubuzima bwe bwose. Ni uko yiyemeje kwitandukanya byeruye na banyarwanda.

Ashingiye ku byamubayeho kubera Kutesa, yumvaga ko kwemerwa n’Abanya-Uganda bizashingira ku gutera umugongo inkomoko ye mu Banyarwanda.

Ibyo byose akabikora agamije ngo rubanda rumwemere nk’uko aheruka kuvugira mu nteko ishinga amategeko ya Uganda ati ‘Ntabwo ndi umwimukira uturuka ahandi,” nk’aho byari bikiri mu 1980 cyangwa se agihanganiye amajwi na Kutesa.

Ibyo byose kandi akabikora igihe yumva icyubahiro cye cyakozweho, nk’igihe aheruka imbere y’Inteko Ishinga amategeko ajyanwe no kuvuga ku bibazo by’umutekano muke bimaze iminsi muri Uganda, ariko abwira abadepite ko yaharanire kugarura “amahoro muri buri mfuruka yose y’igihugu.”

Mu gihe cyose icyizere afitiwe gihungabanye, habyuka cya kintu ko inkomoko ye ishobora kumubera ikibazo hagati ye n’ubutegetsi, hakabyuka umwuka wo kwirengera, wo kumva ngo “ntabwo naba Umunyarwanda kubera ko mbanga.”

Gusa mu gitabo cye, Fanon aburira abantu bagerageza kwitandukanya n’abo ari bo ko batabasha kubigeraho, kuko rimwe na rimwe biganisha ku kumva wisuzuguye maze ikibazo kigashakirwa ku bandi.

Gusa Museveni ngo ntiyari akwiye kwitandukanya n’uwo ari we kuko byari kugira amahengekero iyo abikora mu 1980 bitewe na politiki yariho, kuko byari icyaha kuba Umunyarwanda cyane ko abantu nka Obote babyuririragaho muri politiki.

Muri make ngo nk’umuntu wagizweho ingaruka na politiki y’ivangura, ntiyari akwiye kuyigarura ishingiye ku nkomoko, ahubwo yakagombye gutuza kubera ko ubwenegihugu bwe bwa Uganda buteganywa n’Itegeko Nshinga ryo mu 1995 ryemera ubwoko bwa banyarwanda nka we, bikamuhesha uburenganzira busesuye bw’abandi banya-Uganda burimo kuba no gukomeza kuba perezida.

Ibikorwa bimaze igihe byibasira abanyarwanda muri Uganda bikaba bahuzwa n’uko Museveni igihe akeneye kwigarurira imitima y’andi moko nk’Abaganda bakomeye muri icyo gihugu, agira ikintu gikomeye akorera abo mu bwoko bw’abanyarwanda, kuko byagiye bivugwa kenshi ko abubogamiraho kuko aribwo akomokamo.

Perezida wa Uganda Yoweri Museveni

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AMATEGEKO AGENGA IYANDIKA RY'IGITEKEREZO CYAWE

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