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ULK mu munezero udasanzwe nyuma yo guhigika izindi Kaminuza zigisha Amategeko

Yanditswe kuya 15-10-2016 saa 13:36' na Hagengimana Philbert


Kaminuza yigenga ya Kigali (ULK) iri mu byishimo bidasanzwe nyuma y’uruhurirane rw’ibyiza yagezeho mu cyumweru gishize, aho mu muhango wo gusoza icyumweru cyo kwinjiza Intore mu zindi(Induction week), ari bwo inkuru yabaye kimomo ko iyo Kaminuza yahigitse izindi mu irushanwa ku by’amategeko mpuzamahanga y’intambara.

Kuwa nyuma w’Isabato y’icyumweru gishize tariki ya 7 Ukwakira 2016, wari umunsi udasanzwe muri ULK, ubwo abasore babiri n’umwari umwe begukanaga igikombe mu irushanwa ryiswe “International Humanitarian Law national Moot Court” ryahuje Amashuri makuru na za Kaminuza zigisha Amategeko mu Rwanda.

Abo banyeshuri b’indashyikirwa ni Mugisha Fred, witwaye neza kurusha abandi muri iryo rushanwa, na bagenzi be Ndahayo Karisti na Lois Kassana begukana igikombe bahigitse bagenzi babo bo muri Kaminuza y’u Rwanda.

Umuyobozi wungirije wa ULK, Dr. Sekibibi Ezechiel, yatangaje ko intsinzi ntawe itashimisha cyane abayiharaniye, gusa ngo nta n’ubwo bitunguranye kuko uburezi iyo Kaminuza itanga buba bugamije kwesa imihigo kurusha abo bakora bimwe.

Yagize ati “Nk’ubuyobozi bwa Kaminuza, igikombe twacyakiriye neza mu byishimo byinshi cyane, kuko igihe habaye amarushanwa nk’aya tukayajyamo twiteguye kandi tugatsinda, ni ishema ku kigo, ku bacyigamo no kubagikunda bose.”

Amarushanwa y’igikombe ULK yegukanye ntabwo yatangiye kwitegurwa bitunguranye, kuko iryo shuri ritangira gutegura abanyeshuri baryo kuva bagitangira umwaka wa mbere kugira ngo bajye bahiga abandi bo mu bindi bigo.

Dr. Sekibibi yakomeje avuga ko ari ibihe binejeje, ati “Kwinjiza Intore mu zindi byagenze neza, bihurirana n’iyo ntsinzi n’ubwo itari iya mbere.”

Mu 2013 mu marushanwa y’ibiganiro mpaka ku Muryango wa Afurika y’Iburasirazuba, mu banyeshuri batandatu bari bahagarariye u Rwanda, bane muri bo bari abo muri ULK. Umwe ni Sandra Mukesha wegukanye irushanwa ndetse n’uwamukurikiye, bari baturukanye muri iri shuri.

Ayo mateka yanisubiyemo mu mwaka wakurikiyeho wa 2014, aho na none muri batandatu bari bahagarariye u Rwanda, bane muri bo bari abanyeshuri muri ULK maze ryegukanwa na Ndekezi Peace wari umwe muri bo.

Fred Mugisha, umwe muri abo banyeshuri begukanye igikombe n’itike yo guhagararira u Rwanda mu marushanwa ya International Humanitarian Law All Africa Moot Court uyu mwaka, yatangarije IGIHE ko nubwo ishema baryegukanye mu Rwanda, imihigo irakomeje kugira ngo u Rwanda na rwo rukomeze rube indashyikirwa mu ruhando rw’amahanga.

Yagize ati “Nubwo twatsinze ariya marushanwa, turazirikana ko ayo tugiyemo ari yo akomeye kuruta ayo tuvuyemo, twe nk’ababyiyemeje kandi bagiriwe icyizere na Kaminuza yacu ULK ikanadushyigikira, turi gushyiramo imbaraga nyinshi kugira ngo tuzahigike na Kaminuza zizaba ziturutse mu bindi bihugu.”

Ndahayo Karisti wahize abandi mu Rwanda muri ayo marushanwa yijeje ko n’ayo bagiye kujyamo azagenda neza nibakomeza gushyigikirwa n’Abanyarwanda bose uretse Kaminuza ya ULK gusa, dore ko kuba yarabaye uwa mbere kandi ari no mu ikipe yitwaye neza, bihagije kugira ngo begukane intsinzi.

Ati “Kuba uwa mbere byaranshimishije birumvikana kuko nahize abandi, ikindi ni ishema nahesheje aho twaturutse, bivuze ko niba narabaye uwa mbere n’ikipe yacu ikaba yarahize izindi, ubwo nta kintu tudafite.”

Akomeza avuga ko ibanga nta rindi ari ubwitange bugaragiwe n’intego, ati “Ibanga nta rindi ni ukwitanga ariko uzi neza icyo ukora n’impamvu.”

“Ukwibyara gutera ababyeyi ineza”

Perezida w’Inama y’Ubuyobozi akaba ari na we washinze ULK, Prof.Dr. Rwigamba Balinda, yatangarije IGIHE ko inkuru nziza y’intsinzi y’abo banyeshuri be yamugezeho ubwo yari muri Stade, aho yari mu muhango wo gusoza icyumweru cyo kwinjiza intore mu zindi, bikaba byarabaye uruhurirane kuko icyo gikorwa na cyo cyagenze neza mu buryo ntagereranywa.

Ati “Ni ibyishimo byinshi cyane, nibuka igihe nabimenye hari kuwa Gatanu, nabivuze kuri Stade nsoza icyumweru cyo kwinjiza intore mu zindi, abanyeshuri bahita bakoma mu mashyi cyane […] Ni intsinzi yadushimishije, igaragaza icyo bari cyo, icyo bazi, aho bavuye, aho bageze, aho bagana, usanga ari ibintu bishimishije rero.”

Yakomeje agira ati “Nk’umubyeyi wabo, ni intsinzi kuri Kaminuza no kuri twe, ndabifuriza amahirwe n’imigisha myinshi cyane ituruka ku Mana ngo bakomeze no muri Arusha bazatsinde bazanire intsinzi igihugu cyose.”

Kwinjiza Intore mu zindi, ishingiro ry’ireme ry’uburezi bwo hejuru ULK itanga

Mu minsi yashize hajyaga habaho kubangamira uburenganzira bwa bamwe mu banyeshuri bajyaga kwiga mu mashuri yisumbuye na Kaminuza, bicishijwe mu gikorwa cyitwaga “Kunnyunzura”, bakabahimba amazina rimwe na rimwe ateye ipfunwe, bakabategeka kwihimbira ibyivugo bibasebya n’ibindi.

Mbonigaba Théoneste ushinzwe gutegura no kugenzura ibikorwa byo kwinjiza Intore mu zindi muri ULK, yatangaje ko ibyo bikorwa ari byo byatumye Guverinoma y’u Rwanda ishyiraho icyumweru cyiswe ‘Induction Week’ cyangwa kwinjiza Intore mu zindi, iri shuri na ryo rikaba rikora icyo gikorwa kiba mu ntangiriro za buri mwaka w’amashuri.

Indangagaciro zirimo ikinyabupfura, gukorera ku ntego, kugira umurava n’ibindi, ni bimwe mu bituma ireme ry’uburezi ULK itanga riba ku isonga, ari na byo bituma ikomeza guhigika izindi Kaminuza zo mu Rwanda n’izo mu Karere ka Afurika y’Iburasirazuba.

Ibyo ngo bihera ku munsi umunyeshuri atangiriye mu mwaka wa mbere. Kuva mu mwaka ushize wa 2015/2016, mu Rwanda hose hatangiye igikorwa cyo kwinjiza Intore mu zindi, aha hakaba ari ho ha mbere ho kwitoreza indangagaciro n’ibindi bituma umunyeshuri yiga ashishikaye kandi akamenya.

Icyumweru cyo kwinjiza intore mu zindi ni igihe cyo kwakira abanyeshuri bashya kugira ngo bamenye neza aho bagiye kwiga, bamenye ikigo barimo, abakiyoboye, serivisi bazajya bahabona, kumenyana na bagenzi babo, cyatangiye kuwa 3 Ukwakira 2016 ari na bwo hatangiye ku mugaragaro umwaka w’amashuri wa 2016/2017 muri ULK.

Aha ni na ho abanyeshuri batangira kwigishwa bundi bushya indangagaciro z’Umunyarwanda, bagatozwa mu bintu bitandukanye nko kwihangira imirimo no kwizigama bifite intego, kubyaza umusaruro amahirwe ahishe mu ikoranabuhanga, ubufatanye mu gucunga umutekano, ibyo hamwe n’ibindi bikajyana n’ibyo bita “Umukoro-ngiro”.

Umuhango wo gusoza "Induction Week" mu mafoto

Abanyeshuri bagiye gutangira mu mwaka wa mbere muri ULK mu ifoto rusange n'abayobozi bakuru b'ikigo
Umuhango wo gusoza " Induction Week" muri ULK wabaye mu mpera z'icyumweru gishize
Induction Week yaranzwe n'ibikorwa bitandukanye birimo n'umukino w'umupira w'amaguru
Isura ya Kaminuza ya ULK mu masaha y'ijoro

Amafoto:Mahoro Luqman & ULK


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