Imyaka 19 iruzuye! Icyumweru u Rwanda rwahereyemo isomo Uganda bigacura inzigo itarasibangana

Yanditswe na IGIHE
Kuya 7 Kamena 2019 saa 12:40
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Ushobora kuyita intambara y’iminsi itandatu. Impamvu si uko yamaze iminsi itandatu gusa ingabo z’u Rwanda ziha isomo iza Uganda (UPDF), haniyongeraho ko ihuza amatariki neza n’intambara y’iminsi itandatu Israel yamaze ihata ikibatsi ingabo z’ibihugu by’Abarabu.

Hano itandukaniro ry’uko amateka y’u Rwanda ari ay’ejo bundi mu 2000, mu gihe aya Israel hari mu 1967.

Mu cyumweru nk’iki mu 2000, by’umwihariko uhereye tariki ya 5 kugera tariki ya 10 Kamena, ingabo z’u Rwanda zasakiranye n’iza Uganda, UPDF ihahurira n’uruva gusenya.

Amateka y’umubano w’u Rwanda na Uganda ushatse wayahera mu 1981-1986 ubwo Yoweri Museveni yari mu rugamba rwakuyeho ubutegetsi bwa Milton Obote. Igisirikare cyamufashije cyarimo ahanini impunzi z’Abanyarwanda barimo na Perezida Paul Kagame wayoboye ubutasi icyo gihe ndetse akanaza kuyobora urugamba rwo kubohora u Rwanda nyuma y’urupfu rwa Fred Rwigema wishwe rugikubita.

Kuba abanyarwanda bafashije Yoweri Museveni kugera ku butegetsi baratangije urugamba rwo kubohora u Rwanda baturutse muri Uganda byatumye Museveni yishyiramo ko u Rwanda igihugu cye kirufiteho ijambo, mbese ko ba basirikare bari muri NRA bazakomeza guhabwa amategeko aturutse i Kampala n’igihe bageze mu gihugu cy’inkomoko.

Nyuma yo kubohora u Rwanda no guhagarika Jenoside, Inkotanyi zamenesheje abayikoraga bahungira mu mashyamba ya Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Congo yitwaga Zaire, hakurikiraho urugamba rwo gucyura impunzi zari zarabaye ingwate yabo muri ayo mashyamba.

Uganda yatumiwe muri urwo rugamba nk’inshuti ariko igahora ishaka ko ibikorwa by’indashyikirwa by’Ingabo z’u Rwanda biyitirirwa, mu gihe Abanyarwanda bagejeje Museveni ku butegetsi bo ayo mateka bari barayasize i Kampala.

Imvano y’intambara ya Kisangani

Nyuma haje urugamba rwo gukuraho Mobutu Sese Seko no kugeza Kabila ku butegetsi. U Rwanda rwafatanyije na Uganda ariko icyo gihugu kiza kwibanda cyane ku gusahura imitungo kamere, kandi mu mutwe kigahorana ko ahari Umunyarwanda n’umunya-Uganda, umuturanyi wo mu majyaruguru aza mbere.

Mu Ntambara ya II ya Congo, Ingabo za Uganda zaritabiriye ariko RDF ifata bwangu imijyi itandukanye mu Burasirazuba n’Amajyepfo y’Iburasirazuba bwa RDC harimo Umujyi wa Kisangani n’ikibuga cy’indege cya Bangoka giherereye ku bilometero 12 mu nkengero zawo. UPDF ku rundi ruhande yo yibanze ku duce dukungahaye ku mabuye y’agaciro two mu Majyaruguru y’Iburasirazuba bwa RDC.

Mu gihe imirwano yari ihagaritswe by’agateganyo, UPDF nta mujyi yari yagafashe wo kuba igumyemo. Abayobozi b’ingabo za Uganda basabye u Rwanda kubaha Kisangani kubera ko rwari rufite n’indi mijyi nka Goma, Bukavu, Kindu, Uvira n’indi. Abayobozi b’ingabo z’u Rwanda barabyanga.

Icyo gisubizo ntabwo cyakiriwe neza n’abayobozi b’ingabo za Uganda. Mu nama yabereye i Goma yarimo uwari uhagarariye Mwalimu Julius Nyerere, Kahinda Otafiire wari ukuriye itsinda rya Uganda mu biganiro, yabwiye itsinda ry’u Rwanda ati “muraduha Kisangani cyangwa twembi tuyibure.”

I Kisangani hari urwibutso rugaragaza aho ingabo za Uganda zakubitiwe n'iz'u Rwanda

Nk’uko Colonel Akhram Hossein wo mu ngabo za Loni yabitangarije Ikinyamakuru Liberation, mu rukerera rwo ku wa 05 Kanama 2000 nibwo ingabo za Uganda zigera ku 7000 zitwaje ibitwaro biremereye, zatunguye iz’u Rwanda zizimishaho ibisasu.

Kuva ubwo rurambikana, Igisirikare cy’u Rwanda gikora ku ntwaro zacyo kirasa kitababariye ingabo za Uganda, gitwika ibifaru bya UPDF karahava, ingabo za Uganda zihatakariza abasirikare babarwa ko bageraga mu 2000.

Muri iyo mirwano, Ingabo za Uganda zaharaniraga kwambuka ikiraro kiri ku mugezi wa Tshopo gitandukanya Kisangani y’Amajyepfo yarimo Ingabo z’u Rwanda n’iy’Amajyaruguru yarimo iza Uganda, ariko ingabo z’u Rwanda zizibera ibamba.

Mu kiganiro n’abanyamakuru, Col Karenzi Karake (ubu ni Rtd Lieutenant General) wari uyoboye Ingabo z’u Rwanda i Kisangani, yabwiye The Washington Post ku wa 12 Kanama 2000, ko ibyabaye hagati y’ingabo z’ibihugu byombi nta gishimishije kirimo.

Yakomeje ati “Ariko ni bo baturasheho. Twatsinze urugamba kuko abasirikare bacu bazi icyo barwanira. Tugiye gusohoka muri Kisangani tutitaye ku byo Abanya-Uganda bashaka.”

Icyo gihe yari amaze kwitegereza toni z’ibisasu, imbunda n’ibindi bikoresho ingabo za Uganda zari zimaze kuhasiga zihunga.

Umunsi urugamba rwahagaze, Gen James Kazini wari uyoboye Ingabo za Uganda i Kisangani yabanje guhamagara Col Karenzi ku cyombo amusaba ko imirwano yahagarara, ndetse Ingabo za Uganda zisubira inyuma ibilometero bisaga icumi hanze ya Kisangani.

Col Danilo Paiva wo mu ngabo za Loni i Kisangani, ni we watangaje bwa nyuma ko agahenge kabonetse, nyuma y’ubuhuza bwa Perezida wa Zambia, Frederic Chiluba wari ukubutse Kampala na Kigali kubonana na ba Perezida Museveni na Paul Kagame bakaganira ku buryo haboneka umuti urambye kuri aya makimbirane.

Kuva iyo ntambara yarangira mu myaka 19 ishize, Museveni ahorana ikidodo ku bisobanuro yasabwa ku bana ba Uganda yashoye mu ntambara idafututse akanayitsindwa, abanya-Uganda bakahagwa ari benshi. Ibi byatumye arushaho kwijundika ibi bya cyane u Rwanda.

Uganda yasabye u Bwongereza inkunga yo gutera u Rwanda

Ku wa 28 Kanama 2000 nibwo Museveni yandikiye Umunyamabanga wa Leta w’u Bwongereza ushinzwe iterambere mpuzamahanga, Claire Short, ibaruwa amusaba ko Uganda yahabwa inkunga yisumbuye ikava kuri Miliyoni 113$ ikagera kuri Miliyoni 139 z’Amadolari, mu rwego rwo kwigaranzura igisirikare cy’u Rwanda.

Muri urwo rwandiko, Uganda yavugaga ko u Rwanda rwamaze gutegura umutwe w’ingabo ugizwe n’abasirikare 100.000 wo guhirika ubutegetsi bwa Museveni.

Ibi ariko uwari Minisitiri w’Ububanyi n’Amahanga w’u Rwanda, Ambasaderi André Bumaya yabiteye utwatsi, abwira PanaPress ikorera i Dakar muri Senegal ko ahubwo ari Uganda yari mu macenga yo gushaka gutera u Rwanda.

Yagize ati “Ntituri mu myiteguro yo gutera Uganda na mba, u Rwanda rushishikajwe no gukemura ibibazo rwasigiwe na jenoside, bityo rero nta mwanya rufite wo kurwana intambara z’amafuti”.

Uganda yakurikijeho guhimba ikinyoma cy’uko u Rwanda rwateraga inkunga umutwe wa PRA (People’s Redemption Army), byavugwaga ko wari uyobowe na Col Samson Mande na Antony Kyakabale ngo bashakaga guhirika ubutegetsi bwa Yoweri Kaguta Museveni.

Museveni ntarakira ugutsindwa

Mu kiganiro kirekire Perezida Kagame yagiranye n’ikinyamakuru Jeune Afrique cyasohotse ku wa 23 Werurwe 2019 ubwo yaganiraga n’Umunyamakuru François Soudan, yabajijwe niba bidashoboka ko Museveni yaba atarakira kuba Ingabo z’u Rwanda zaratsindiye ize i Kisangani mu myaka 20 ishize.

Aha yashingiraga ku bushotoranyi budasiba bwa Uganda ku Rwanda, burimo n’iyicarubozo rikomeje gukorerwa abaturage barwo muri icyo gihugu cy’abaturanyi.

Mu gusubiza yagize ati “ Twabatsinze ubugira gatatu, ni ukuri, ahari ushobora kuba ufite ukuri. Ariko nta gushidikanya hari ibindi bisobanuro. Ubushake bwo gushaka kugenzura u Rwanda, kuducisha bugufi? Birashoka. ”

Perezida Kagame yavuze ko yubaha Museveni nka Perezida wa Uganda ariko ‘ntabwo ari Perezida w’u Rwanda nta nubwo azigera aba we. Bigomba gukemuka. Ntabwo dukunda abantu baduha amabwiriza, aho yaba aturutse hose, ibyo urabizi neza.”

Umukuru w’Igihugu yakomeje agira ati “Mu ngano, u Rwanda ni igihugu gito, ariko mu ntekerezo no mu rwego rwa Politiki ni igihugu cya rutura.” Yanavuze ko nta muhuza ukenewe kugira ngo ibibazo by’u Rwanda na Uganda bikemuke ahubwo ko byose bishingiye kuri Museveni. Ati “Izingiro ry’ikibazo riri muri Uganda, riri mu biganza bya Museveni.”

Iyi foto yo ku wa 08 Nyakanga igaragaza abasirikare b’u Rwanda 1004 bo muri Batayo ya 75 ubwo bagarukaga mu Rwanda bakubutse i Kisangani aho barwaniye n’Ingabo za Uganda
Umujyi wa Kisangani wari mu maboko y'Ingabo z'u Rwanda nyuma yo gukubita incuro iza Uganda
Kisangani ni Umujyi uherereye mu Ntara ya Tshopo akaba ari nawo Murwa Mukuru wayo

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