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Tariki ya 1 Mutarama : Mu mateka

Tariki ya 1 Mutarama 2013 ni umunsi wa 1 w’umwaka ubura iminsi 364 ngo ugere ku musozo, ukaba ari umunsi w’ubunane ku bagendera kuri Kalendari yitiriwe Papa Grégoire XIII yatangiye gukoreshwa guhera mu 1582 muri za leta zagengwaga n’Abagaturika.

-45 : Hatangijwe Kalendari ya Julien i Roma

177 : Commode yabaye umwami w’abami wa Roma mu gihe na Pertinax yari kuri uyu mwanya bayobora bose (coempereur)

193 : Sena ya Roma yatangaje ko Pertinax ari we ugizwe umwami w’abami wa Roma nyuma y’uko Commode yicwa.

414 : umwami w’aba Wisigoths Athaulf yashatse Narbonne Galla Placidia, umukobwa w’umwami w’abami Théodose.

417 : Honorius,umuvandimwe wa Galla Placidia, yategetswe gushakana na Constance, waje nyuma kuba umwami w’abami w’ubwami bwa Roma y’ Iburengerazuba.

1001 : Étienne yambitswe ikamba ryo kuba umwami wa Hongrie.

1068 : Ku munsi w’urupfu rwa Constantin X, umugore we Eudocie yahise ashakana na Diogene wahise agirwa umwami w’abami w’ubwami bwa Byzantin

1796 : Hashyizweho urwego rushya rwa Minisiteri ya polisi mu Bufaransa.

1804 : Haïti yabonye ubwigenge

1806 : Mu Bufaransa bahagaritse gukoresha Kalendari y’ Abarepubulika basubira ku ya Gergoire.

1863 : Abraham Lincoln yahaye abacakara kwishyira bakizana muri Amerika

1890 : Érythrée yariyunze nk’igihugu cyakoronizwaga n’u Butaliyani

1892 : Ikirwa cya Ellis cyaje kuba agace kakira abimukira muri Amerika

1898 : Amerika yari ituwe n’abaturage miliyoni 3,4, umujyi New York, wari ugizwe n’uturere twa Manhattan na Bronx, twari tugize Brooklyn, Queens na Staten Island; yari igizwe na miliyoni 1,4.

1899 : Cuba yashyizwe mu bihugu byagengwaga n’Abanyamerika ku buryo bw’agateganyo.

1901 : Australie yabonye ubwigenge

1901 : Nigéria yakoronijwe n’ umwami bw’Abongereza

1912 : Hashyizweho itegeko nshinga muri guverinoma y’u Bushinwa rishyirwaho na Sun Yat-sen.

1928 : Boris Bajanov wari wungirije Staline yahungiye muri Irani

1942 : Hatangajwe ishingwa rya Loni isimbuye sosiyete y’ibihugu(Societe des Nations-SDN)

1948 : U Butaliyani bwatangiye kugendera ku itegeko nshinga.

1956 Soudan yabonye ubwigenge

1959 : Fidel Castro yafashe Cuba, Fulgencio Batista wari umaze gutsindwa ahungira mu kirwa cya Dominique.

1960 : Cameroun yabaye igihugu cya 18 kibonye uwigenge mu 1960.

1964 : icyari la Rhodésie na Nyassaland byaritandukanyije byigabanyamo ibihugu bya Malawi na Zambie.

1966 : Nyuma ya coup d’État yakozwe na Saint-Sylvestre, Jean-Bedel Bokassa yabaye perezida wa 2 wa Repubulika ya Centrafricaine.

1972 : Kurt Waldheim yabaye umunyamabanga wa Loni

1973 : Danemark, ubwongereza na Irlande byinjiye mu muryango w’ubukungu w’ibihugu by’I Burayi

1985 :Leta Zunze Ubumwe za Amerika zavuye muri UNESCO.

1992 : Boutros Boutros-Ghali yasimbuye

1997 :Kofi Annan yasimbuye Boutros Boutros-Ghali ku mwanya w’Umunyabanga mukuru wa Loni

1998 : Abahutu mu Burundi bateye ikigo cya gisirikare hafi y’ikibuga cy’indege cya Bujumbura bicamo abasirikare 182 hapfa abasivile 150

1999: Hatangiye gukoreshwa ifaranga ry’iyero

2001: U Bugereki bwinjiye mu bihugu bikoresha iyero (euro)

2003 : Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, bitaga Lula, yabaye Perezida wa mbere wa Brezil

2007 : Ban Ki-moon ukomoka muri Koreya y’Epfo yabaye umunyamabanga mukuru wa Loni asimbuye Koffi Annan.

2010 : Espagne yahawe umwanya wo kuyobora umuryango w’ubumwe bw’ibihugu by’I Burayi

1582 : Papa Grégoire XIII yaciye iteka ryo gukoresha Kalendari yiswe iya Gerigori ( calendrier grégorien)

1880 : Ferdinand de Lesseps yatangiye guhanga ubunigo bwa Panama

1927 : Turquie yatangiye gukoresha Kalendari ya Gerigori

Bimwe mu bihangange byavutse kuri iyi tariki

1431 : Alexandre VI, Papa

1484 : Ulrich Zwingli,Umusuwisi wakoze impinduka aho Abaporotesitanti bitandukanyije n’ Abagaturika

1905 : Stanislaw Mazur, umuhanga nu mibare ukomoka muri Pologne

1923 : Ousmane Sembène,umwanditsi w’Umunyasenegali

1942 :Alassane Ouattara, wabaye perezida wa Cote d’ivoire

1972 :Lilian Thuram, umukinnyi w’umupira w’amaguru mu Bufaransa watwaye igikombe cy’Isi mu 1998

1992 : Jack Wilshere, umukinnyi w’umupira w’amaguru w’umwongereza ukinira Arsenal

1992 : Jack Wilshere, umukinnyi w’umupira w’amaguru w’umwongereza ukinira Arsenal

Bimwe mu bihangange byatabarutse kuri iyi tariki

138 : Lucius Aelius, warezwe n’umwami w’abami wa Hadrien

379 : Basile wa Césarée.

1515 : Louis XII, umwami w’u Bufaransa

1894 : Heinrich Rudolf Hertz, umuhanga mu bwubatsi no mu bugenge ukomoka mu Budage

1966 : Vincent Auriol,wabaye perezida wa mbere wa repubulika ya IV mu Bufaransa.