Hibazwa niba gukoresha ‘syllabus’ ari ngombwa ku biga mu yisumbuye

Yanditswe na Kanamugire Emmanuel
Kuya 27 Mata 2016 saa 05:05
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Dr Alphonse Sebaganwa, umwarimu muri Kaminuza y’u Rwanda,Koleji y’Uburezi akaba anafite ikigo gitanga ubujyanama ku bana bahura n’ikibazo cyo gutsindwa mu mashuri, yatanze igitekerezo ku bijyanye no kuba mu mashuri yisumbuye amwe n’amwe ‘syllabus’ zaramaze gusimbura uburyo bwo kwigisha bwari busanzwe,aho umwarimu yigishaga akanasobanura yandika ku kibaho.

Asobanura icyo ‘syllabus’ ari cyo yavuze ko ari inyandiko ikubiyemo amasomo yose agomba kwigishwa mu isomo iri cyangwa ririya cyangwa se amasomo yose akubiye hamwe.

Byaragaragaye ko mu mashuri yisumbuye amwe n’amwe abarimu bahuriza hamwe ibyo bazigisha ku buryo burambuye mu gitabo bakunze kwita “syllabus” bagasaba abanyeshuri kubigura mbere y’uko isomo ritangira kugira ngo byorohere mwarimu gusobanura, abanyeshuri bakurikira muri ibyo bitabo.

Birumvikana ko n’umunyeshuri bisa n’ibimworoheye gukurikira ibisobanuro areba gusa muri cya gitabo, atandika.

Ubundi uretse ubunebwe cyangwa ubumenyi buke mu bijyanye no kwigisha (pedagogy, methodology) umwarimu agomba kwerekera umunyeshuri, hanyuma akamureka akagira uruhare mu kubaka ubumenyi we ubwe wenyine cyangwa ari kumwe n’abandi mu itsinda rito.

Ibi bituma ibyo yize abigira ibye, bikamuha n’inzira yo kuvumbura.Iyo bigenze bitya, umunyeshuri abigira ibye, agafata vuba, agashobora no kubikoresha mu buzima busanzwe nk’uko integanyanyigisho nshya ibisaba aho kumara umwanya arangariye mu gitabo atanumva ibyo mwarimu asobanura.

Syllabus rero iyo itanzwe mbere y’uko isomo ryigishwa, nako riyoborwa, kuvumbura, kubaka wenyine cyangwa kubakana n’abandi ntibiba bigishobotse.

Ni nko kwigisha umuntu kubaka inzu, hanyuma ukamwereka inzu yuzuye ugatangira kumusobanurira uburyo yubatse, atigeze akora ku itafari, sima,umwiko n’ibindi, uyu muntu nta na rimwe azamenya kubaka.

Ashobora kugira ubumenyi ariko ntazagira na rimwe ubushobozi bwo kubikora.

Ubushakashatsi bwerekanye ko, iyo umunyeshuri yiga yandika n’ikaramu, yumva ibyo yiga neza muri icyo gihe ari kubyandika bisa nk’aho ibyo yasobanuriwe, aba agiye kongera kubisubiramo yandika akabifata vuba.

Ikindi ni uko umwarimu utanga syllabus aba azitiye umunyeshuri kuba yajya gushakashaka mu bitabo, ku mbuga za internet n’ahandi.

Ese umunyeshuri nahabwa igitabo cyanditse, we azagira ryari ubumenyi bwo kwandika iby’ingenzi byavuzwe mu ishuri?

Ubu buryo bwo kwigisha wamaze gutanga syllabus butuma abana bafite intege nke mu kwihuta, kumva no gufata mu mutwe amasomo,batsindwa kuko mwarimu adafata umwanya wo gufasha buri munyeshuri cyangwa itsinda rito ryabo no kubaha ibikoresho byo kubaka isomo bo ubwabo.

Ni ngombwa rero ko abanyeshuri bo muri iki cyiciro (amashuri yisumbuye) bigishwa ku buryo ahubwo bafatanya na mwarimu kugenda bandika ibyangombwa babonye mu isomo.Birushaho gutuma isomo barigira iryabo, ntirigume ari irya mwarimu.

Ikindi navuga ni uko syllabus idatangirwa ubuntu, ahubwo umubyeyi agomba kuyigurira umwana.

Ibi bishobora no kubangamira ababyeyi badafite amikoro ahagije yo kugura buri mwaka syllabus eshanu, esheshatu kandi baranishyuye amafaranga y’ishuri ngo umwana ajye kwiga.

Ku bwanjye rero, syllabus ku munyeshuri wiga mu mashuri yisumubuye si ngombwa haba mbere cyangwa nyuma y’isomo kubera impamvu navuze haruguru zatuma umwana adakurikira neza.

Dukomeze dufatanye gutekereza ku cyarushaho guteza imbere uburezi n’uburere bw’abana b’u Rwanda.

Dr Alphonse Sebaganwa, umwarimu muri Kaminuza y’u Rwanda,Koleji y’Uburezi

[email protected]


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