Impamvu uwapfakaye ugiye kongera gushyingirwa akwiye gusezerana ivangamutungo w’umuhahano

Yanditswe na Maurice Munyentwali
Kuya 12 Ukwakira 2017 saa 02:00
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Itegeko ry’u Rwanda rigenga abantu n’umuryango ritenganya ko urupfu ari imwe mu mpamvu zituma habaho iseswa ry’ishyingirwa bityo uwapfakaye akaba yemerewe kongera gushyingirwa. Muri iyi nyandiko ndashaka kugaragaza impamvu uwapfakaye ugiye kongera gushyingirwa yari akwiye guhitamo ivangamutungo w’umuhahano.

Itegeko Nº27/2016 ryo ku wa 08/07/2016 rigenga imicungire y’umutungo w’abashyingiranywe, impano n’izungura, mu ngingo yaryo ya 76, igika cya 5, riteganya ko “iyo uwapfakaye yongeye gushyingirwa kandi nyamara yari afitanye abana n’uwapfuye cyangwa hari abo yari yaremeye cyangwa yaremejwe ku buryo bwemewe n’amategeko, izungura ry’uwapfuye rirafungurwa, maze kimwe cya kabiri (1/2) kikegukanwa n’uwapfakaye nk’uburenganzira akura ku masezerano y’icungamutungo, ikindi akakizungurana n’abana bose uwapfuye asize ku buryo bungana. Muri icyo gihe,uruhare rw’abana batarageza ku myaka y’ubukure arakomeza akarubacungira, keretse urukiko rubigennye ukundi”.

Uwapfakaye yemerewe kongera gushyingirwa ndetse akihitiramo uburyo bw’imicungire y’umutungo bumunogeye hamwe n’uwo bagiye gushyingirwa.

Iyo uwapfakaye yongeye gushyingirwa, izungura rikabaho akabona umugabane we nyuma yo kugabana umutungo n’abana yabyaranye na Nyakwigendera, ntibikuraho ko abo bana bakiri abe, ko ndetse igihe nikigera na we agapfa bazaza kumuzungura.

Amakimbirane hagati y’abazungura aterwa no kwivanga kw’imitungo y’ababyeyi
Bikunze kugaragara ko ibibazo bitangira kuvuka iyo uwapfakaye yongeye gushyingirwa agahitamo amasezerano y’ivangamutungo rusange.

Uwapfakaye yari asanzwe afite abana kandi n’uwo bagiye gushyingirwa na we bazabyarana abandi bana. Hari n’ubwo n’uwo bashyingiranwe na we aba asanzwe afite abana. Mu gihe rero uyu wapfakaye wongeye gushyingirwa bwa kabiri aramutse yitabye Imana havuka ikibazo bikurikira:

- Uwo bashakanye bwa kabiri ahita yegukana imtungo yose (mu gihe atongeye gushaka), abana ba wawundi wari warapfakaye bakabihomberamo kuko badashobora kuzungura umubyeyi wabo witabye Imana (Aha twibukiranye ko baba barazunguye umubyeyi wabo wa mbere witabye Imana ariko igice kinini cy’umutungo kiba cyaratwawe n’umubyeyi wasigaye ari na cyo yajyanye mu rugo rwa kabiri. Icyo gice rero ntibaba bagishoboye kukizungura kuko cyamaze kuvangwa mu mutungo w’urugo rwa kabiri kandi nta zungura ryabaho uwo washakanye n’umubyeyi wabo mu rugo rwa kabiri akiriho).

- Imitungo iba yarivangavanze. Hari imitungo uwapfakaye yatahanye mu rugo rushya kandi igomba kuzazungurwa n’abana be ihita yivanga n’imitungo y’uwo bashakanye bwa kabiri na we ushobora kuba asanzwe afite abana cyangwa se azanababyarana n’uwo bagiye gushyingiranwa. Aha birumvikana ko niba basezeranye ivangamutungo rusange, mu gihe bombi bapfuye imitungo yabo izagabanywamo kabiri, buri mubyeyi azungurwe n’abana bamukomokaho kuko abana bose badahuje ababyeyi. Birumvikana ko byanze bikunze hari igice kimwe cy’abazungura kizabihomberamo.

- Hari abapfakaye bongera gushyingirwa izungura rya nyakwigendera ritarabaho. Aha naho havuka ibibazo bikomeye cyane kuko iyo uwapfakaye yamaze kuvanga umutungo n’uwo basezeranye, mu gihe cyo kuzungura nyakwigendera biragorana kumenya imitungo yari afitanye n’uwapfakaye kuko iba yaramaze kwivanga n’iyo mu rugo rushya.

Hari n’ubwo usanga imitungo nyakwigendera yasize ari nayo yakomotseho imitungo uwapfakaye n’uwo bashakanye bwa kabiri bafite. Muri iki gihe usanga bigorana kwerekana imitungo abana ba nyakwigendera bagomba kuzungura mu by’ukuri. Akenshi birangira nanone abana ba Nyakwigendera aribo babihombeyemo.

Uko ibi bibazo byakemuka…

Nubwo itegeko rigenga ibirebana n’imicungire y’umutungo w’abashyingiranywe ribaha ubwisanzure bwo kwihitiramo ubwoko bw’ imicungire y’umutungo ibanogeye, byaba byiza ko uwapfakaye ugiye kongera gushyingirwa yajya ahitamo amasezerano y’ivangamutungo w’umuhahano.

Impamvu ni uko iyo abashyingiranywe basezeranye ivangamutungo w’umuhahano, bavanga gusa umutungo bazabona nyuma yo gushyingirwa ariko imitungo babonye mbere y’uko bashyingirwa ikomeza kwandikwa kuri nyirayo wenyine.

Ibi bizafasha ko mu gihe uwapfakaye yongeye gushyingirwa izungura rya nyakwigendera ritarabaho, byazoroha kumenya imitungo yari yarashakanye na nyakwigendera bityo abana be bakayizungura itarivanze n’iy’uwo mu rugo rwa kabiri.
Bizanafasha ko abana b’uwapfakaye bazashobora kumuzungura igihe azaba yitabye Imana mu rugo rushya yashatsemo, kuko imitungo ye yashakanye na nyakwagendera izaba itarivanze n’iyo muri urwo rugo rushya.

Birumvikana ko bazazungura ya mitungo imwanditseho wenyine atavanze n’uwo bashakanye, hanyuma bakajya no kuzungura no ku yo yashakanye n’uwo bashyingiranywe bwa kabiri (igihe nikigera).

Ibi kandi bizanagabanya amakimbirane ashingiye ku mitungo mu miryango cyane cyane hagati y’abana ba nyakwigendera n’abana bo mu rugo rushya uwapfakaye yashatsemo kuko nta wuzasigarana ingingimira mu igabana ry’imitungo yasizwe n’ababyeyi babo kuko izaba itarivanze ngo hagire uruhande rumwe rubihomberamo.
Byanaba byiza kandi itegeko ritegetse uwapfakaye ushaka kongera gushyingirwa ko yabanza gutegereza hakabaho izungura rya nyakwigendera bari barashakanye.

Ibitekerezo bikubiye muri iyi nyandiko byanditswe na Maurice Munyentwali

mauritong@yahoo.fr


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