Kwamamaza

Inzara ya Ruzagayura yatwaye abagera ku 300,000 mu 1943-1944

Yanditswe kuya 22-10-2012 saa 10:00' na Jean Bosco Mutibagirana
     


Inzara ya Ruzagayura yatangiye ahagana mu kwezi kw’Ukwakira 1943 itewe n’amapfa yamaze imyaka ibiri. Ayo mapfa yatangiye muri Nzeri 1942, yongera kubaho nyuma gato y’itumba ryo mu 1943.
N’ubwo inzara ya Ruzagayura yamaze umwaka umwe, yahitanye abantu benshi cyane. Abamisiyoneri b’abagatolika batangaje muri raporo ngarumwaka yo hagati yo mu 1939 na 1945, ko u Rwanda rwatakaje abantu bagera ku 300 000, harimo n’abasuhukiye mu bindi bihugu nka Tanganyika, Uganda na Congo Mbiligi.
Muri iyo raporo (...)

Inzara ya Ruzagayura yatangiye ahagana mu kwezi kw’Ukwakira 1943 itewe n’amapfa yamaze imyaka ibiri. Ayo mapfa yatangiye muri Nzeri 1942, yongera kubaho nyuma gato y’itumba ryo mu 1943.

N’ubwo inzara ya Ruzagayura yamaze umwaka umwe, yahitanye abantu benshi cyane. Abamisiyoneri b’abagatolika batangaje muri raporo ngarumwaka yo hagati yo mu 1939 na 1945, ko u Rwanda rwatakaje abantu bagera ku 300 000, harimo n’abasuhukiye mu bindi bihugu nka Tanganyika, Uganda na Congo Mbiligi.

Muri iyo raporo bavugaga ko abasuhutse bageraga ku 75 000. Iyo mibare yaturutse muri raporo z’abategetsi b’Ababiligi, na bo bayihawe n’abatware b’Abanyarwanda.

Gusa nk’uko na bo babyivugira, ababaruraga bibagirwaga rimwe na rimwe kubara abana, abagore, abarwayi n’abasheshe akanguhe bapfuye cyangwa se bahunze iyo nzara. Ibyo bituma rero umuntu yibaza niba iyo nzara itaba yarahitanye abantu barenga umubare w’abatangajwe muri ayo raporo!

Ruzagayura yatewe kandi n’igabanyuka ry’ibiribwa ryaturutse ku ndwara y’ibirayi bita «mildiou/mildew», ku ndwara y’ibishyimbo bita «chortophila» no ku ndwara y’ibijumba bita «rhizoctonia/rhizoctonie». Nk’uko bigaragara, izo ndwara zibasiye ibiribwa by’ibanze by’Abanyarwanda b’icyo gihe.

Inzara ya Ruzagayura yongerewe ubukana n’intambara ndetse n’uko icyo gihe Abanyarwanda bagombaga guha umusanzu Leta nkoloni y’Ababiligi, yari ihanganye n’ingabo za Adolf Hitler mu ntambara ya kabiri y’isi yose (war effort/effort de guerre). Uwo musanzu wari ugizwe n’ibiribwa n’amatungo.

Abanyarwanda batangaga inka, ibishyimbo, amasaka, amashaza byo kugaburira abasilikare b’abanyekongo ndetse n’abakozi bo mu birombe by’amabuye y’agaciro byo muri Congo.
Usibye ibiribwa n’amatungo, umusanzu w’Abanyarwanda muri iyo ntambara wari ugizwe n’imirimo y’agahato irimo guharura imihanda, kubumba amatafari, gutwara imizigo y’abakoloni, gukora mu birombe bya Zahabu na Coltan, guhinga ibireti (pyrethrum/pyrèthre) byakoreshwaga mu gutunganya umuti wica udukoko (insecticide).

Inzara ya Ruzagayura yiswe amazina menshi bitewe n’ubukana yagiye igaragaza mu turere dutandukanye tw’u Rwanda. Mu majyepfo yiswe Ruzagayura; mu duce dutandukanye tw’Uburasirazuba yiswe Rujukundi, Rwanyirarushenyi, Rwakinyebuye cyangwa se Rwakabetezi.

Mu majyaruguru, mu bice bya za Gisenyi na Ruhengeri yiswe Rudakangwimishanana, Rugaragazabadakekwa na Nyirahuku. Hagati mu gihugu ndetse n’Amajyaruguru y’Uburasirazuba, mu bice bya Byumba, iyo nzara yari izwi ka Matemane. Mu Burengerazuba, mu bice bya Kibuye yiswe Gahoro.

Iyo nzara yagize ubukana bwinshi mu Majyaruguru, mu Burasirazuba no mu Majyepfo y’igihugu. Mu bice bya Cyangugu ni ho honyine hatigeze hahura n’iyo nzara ku mpamvu z’ikirere cyaho. Ikindi, iyo ntara yari yegeranye na Congo Mbiligi ku buryo itari kugira ikibazo cyo kubura ibiribwa, ahubwo yakiraga abantu bavuye mu zindi ntara nka Astrida cyangwa se Gisenyi.

Mu gihe cya Ruzagayura, uduce tw’imisozi ihanamye, uduce tw’ubutaka busharira, uduce turangwamo isuri ni two twababaye cyane kurusha utundi. Muri utwo duce kimwe n’ahandi, abaturage barazahaye ku buryo benshi bamaraga iminsi 2 cyangwa se 3 batariye. Benshi inzara yarabicaga.

Abaryaga, wasangaga barya inguri (imizi y’insina), imizi y’ibiti, amarebarebe, umutsima uvuye mu ifu ya barakatsi (acacia) cyangwa se y’intembe y’insina. Iyo ndyo idasanzwe nta gushidikanya ko nayo yishe abantu benshi muri icyo gihe.

Abafite agatege barasuhukaga bakajya gushaka aho bakura ibiribwa cyangwa se aho bagurana ibikoresho byabo n’ibiribwa. Benshi wasangaga barananutse nk’uko bigaragara ku mafoto y’icyo gihe. Babitaga ingarisi kubera uko babaga barashizemo.

Izo «ngarisi» kimwe n’imirambo y’abitabye Imana biri mu bintu byaranze iyo nzara. Iyo mirambo yasangwaga hafi y’imihanda, mu mirima, mu mashyamba, ku nkengero z’inzuzi n’ahandi henshi.

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