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Amahirwe adasanzwe ahishe mu bucuruzi n’ishoramari hagati y’u Rwanda na Zimbabwe

Yanditswe na Akayezu Jean de Dieu
Kuya 18 Kamena 2021 saa 07:09
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Abayobozi ku ruhande rw’u Rwanda na Zimbabwe ku wa 16 Kamena 2021, barimo abahagarariye ibigo bishinzwe iterambere n’ishoramari, abikorera n’abafite ibigo bitandukanye bagiranye ibiganiro byabaye hifashishijwe ikoranabuhanga, impande zombi zigaragaza ubushake mu kongera ishoramari n’ubucuruzi buri hagati y’ibi bihugu.

Ni ibiganiro byari byitabiriwe na Ambasaderi w’u Rwanda muri Zimbabwe, Musoni James; Ambasaderi wa Zimbabwe mu Rwanda, Charity Manyeruke; Umuyobozi Mukuru w’Urwego rw’Iterambere, RDB, Clare Akamanzi; Umuyobozi w’Urwego rw’Igihugu rushinzwe Ubucuruzi muri Zimbabwe, ZimTrade, Allan Majuru.

Ni inama kandi yitabiriwe n’abarenga 200 barimo kandi n’abandi bayobozi bafite mu nshingano ubucuruzi n’ishoramari ku mpande zombi, ba rwiyemezamirimo n’abahagarariye urwego rw’abikorera mu Rwanda na Zimbabwe.

Zimbabwe ni igihugu kiri muri Afurika y’Amajyepfo gifite ubuso bwa 390,757 km2. Mu Burengerazuba bw’iki gihugu hari Botswana, Uburasirazuba hari Mozambique, mu Majyepfo hari Afurika y’Epfo, Amajyepfo ashyira Uburengerazuba hari Namibia mu gihe mu Majyaruguru hari Zambia.

Ibarura ryo mu 2012, rigaragaza ko iki gihugu cyari gifite abaturage barenga miliyoni 13,1, mu gihe ubwiyongere bw’abaturage bwari kuri 2,3% muri icyo gihe. Muri iki gihugu urwego rw’uburezi rwateye imbere kuko nibura abazi gusoma no kwandika ni 94,7%.

Ubukerarugendo buri mu bigira uruhare runini mu musaruro mbumbe w’igihugu aho bugira 12%, ubuhinzi bugira uruhare rungana na 11%, ubucukuzi bw’amabuye y’agaciro 9%, mu gihe serivisi zigira uruhare rwa 16%.

Zimbabwe ni Umunyamuryango wa SADAC, COMESA ndetse na ACP.

Umuyobozi Mukuru wa RDB, Clare Akamanzi yavuze ko ibihugu by’u Rwanda na Zimbabwe bisanzwe bifitanye umubano n’ubufatanye mu nzego zitandukanye kuri ubu byombi bikaba biri gufatanya mu kubaka umubano ushingiye ku bucuruzi n’ishoramari.

Akamanzi yabwiye bagenzi be bo muri Zimbabwe ko bashobora gushora imari mu Rwanda mu nzego zirimo ubucuruzi n’ubuhinzi.

Ati “Inzego ziza ku isonga mu mahirwe y’ishoramari dufite ni ingufu, ubuhinzi, ubucuruzi, kwakira abantu n’amahoteli, serivisi z’imari n’izindi.”

Akamanzi yashimangiye ko iterambere ry’ubukungu ryiyongereye cyane mu 2019 aho ryageze ku 9,4% mbere y’uko icyorezo cya COVID-19 cyubika ibyari bimaze kugerwaho, haba mu Rwanda ndetse no ku Isi yose.

Yakomeje agira ati “U Rwanda rukomeje guharanira kwigaragaza nk’igihugu gihanga udushya. Ni yo mpamvu tukibasha kureshya ishoramari rikomeye nk’uruganda rwa Volkswagen ruteranyiriza imodoka mu Rwanda ndetse n’Ikigo cya Zipline gikomeje gukwiza amaraso mu gihugu cyifashishije indege nto zitagira abapilote (Drones)”

Akamanzi yakomeje avuga ko ku bijyanye n’ubufatanye bw’ibihugu byombi mu bukungu, imibare yerekana ko ubuhahirane bukiri hasi cyane ku buryo nta wanyurwa n’uko ihagaze ubu.

Mu 2019, Zimbabwe yohereje ibicuruzwa bya miliyoni 3 z’amadolari ya Amerika mu gihe ibicuruzwa u Rwanda rwohereje muri icyo gihugu byari bifite agaciro k’ibihumbi 152 by’amadolari ya Amerika gusa.

Ashimangira ko ubufatanye mu guteza imbere ubuhahirane ari ngombwa, ati “Ntekereza ko ubucuruzi hagati y’ibihugu byombi busa n’ubudahari kuko buri hasi cyane ku bihugu biziranye ndetse byifuza kubaka umubano urambye mu by’ubukungu.”

U Rwanda rwagaragarije aba bashoramari bo muri Zimbabwe ko kugeza ubu urwego rw’ubuhinzi rugira uruhare rungana na 24% ku musaruro mbumbe, inganda zikagira 18% naho serivisi zikagira uruhare rungana na 49% ku musaruro mbumbe.

Kuri ubu u Rwanda ni Umunyamuryango w’Umuryango wa Afurika y’Uburasirazuba, Umuryango w’ubucuruzi w’ibihugu by’iburasirazuba n’amajyepfo ya Afurika (COMESA), ndetse kiba ari igihugu gifitanye umubano mwiza na Repubulika Iharanira Demukarasi ya Congo.

Kuba Zimbabwe yakorana ubucuruzi cyangwa igashora imari mu Rwanda ni amahirwe adasanzwe yo kuba ibikorwa byo muri icyo gihugu biri ku isoko rya EAC rifite abaturage basaga miliyoni 117, ukongeraho n’abo muri RDC, igihugu nacyo kitegura kwakirwa mu muryango w’ibihugu byo mu karere.

Umuyobozi Mukuru wa ZimTrade, Allah Majuru yavuze ko ibi biganiro ari amahirwe adasanzwe ndetse mu kwezi gutaha ibigo bisanga 100 byo muri Zimbabwe bizaza mu Rwanda mu nama izahuza ibihugu byombi.

Ati “ZimTrade izazana ibigo 100 mu Rwanda, mu nama ku ishoramari n’ubucuruzi kandi tuzubahiriza amabwiriza yo kwirinda icyorezo cya Covid-19, itsinda rizaza mu Rwanda rizaba riyobowe na Minisitiri w’Ububanyi n’Amahanga, Frederick Shava.”

Yakomeje agira ati “Twizera ko ubucuruzi hagati y’u Rwanda na Zimbabwe ari ingenzi kandi iyi nama ku ishoramari izagira uruhare runini mu gufungura amahirwe y’ishoramari hagati y’ibihugu byombi.”

Biteganyijwe ko hagati ya tariki 28 na 30 Nyakanga 2o21, aribwo iyi nama y’ishoramari ihuza abashoramari bo mu Rwanda n’abo muri Zimbabwe. Ni inama izabera i Kigali mu gihe hazaba hari no kubera Imurikagurisha Mpuzamahanga.

Muri 2017, nibwo RwandAir yatangiye gukorera ingando muri Zimbabwe

Abikorera bashyizwe igorora

Muri ibi biganiro byahuje impande zombi, Ambasaderi wa Zimbabwe mu Rwanda Charity Manyeruke, yasabye abashoramari bo mu bihugu byombi kudacikanwa n’aya mahirwe ashingiye ku mategeko ahuza ibihugu byombi n’ubushake bwa Politiki.

Yavuze ko ingano idahagije y’ubucuruzi bwakorwaga hagati y’ibihugu by’ibivandimwe ikwiye gukubwa inshuro nyinshi kuko nta nzitizi zihari zatuma bidashoboka.

Ku rundi ruhande, abikorera bagaragaje inyota yo kubyaza umusaruro aya mahirwe bashyirweho n’ibihugu byombi.

Nk’ikigo cya Pan African Logistics, gikora iby’ubwikorezi bwo ku butaka, mu mazi, mu ndege no kukemyekanisha ibicuruzwa, cyagaragaje ko kuba Zimbabwe yegeranye na Afurika y’Epfo ari amahirwe ku bicuruzwa byaba iby’abanyarwanda, ibyo mu Karere ndetse n’ahandi.

Umuyobozi wa Pan African Logistics, Nyarwaya Shyaka Michael yagize ati “Ni amahirwe ku mpande zombi, kuko nkatwe twiteguye kujya dufasha mu kuzana ibyo bicuruzwa cyangwa ibyo mu Rwanda bizakenera kujya muri kiriya gihugu.”
Yakomeje agira ati “Nk’ubu ni amahirwe ku kuba ibicuruzwa byacu biri muri kontineri byajya biva muri Zimbabwe kuko yegereye Afurika y’Epfo, bikava muri Afurika y’Epfo biza Dar es Salaam, bikahava bigera i Kigali. Ntabwo twari dufite umurongo w’uburyo ibintu bishobora kuza.”

Zimbabwe nk’igihugu kinini, gifite ubutaka bunini, kikagira amabuye y’agaciro arimo zahabu na Diamant ndetse gikora ibikorwa by’ubuhinzi mu buryo bwateye imbere, ku buryo nk’umusaruro w’ingano, ibigori n’ibindi bishobora kuva muri icyo gihugu biza gucuruzwa mu Rwanda.

Umuyobozi Mukuru w’Ikigo gikomeye mu by’itumanaho cya AB Communications ari nacyo gifite ibitangazamakuru bya Business Times, ZiFM Stereo, 98.4 FM Midlands na Hevoi FM, Benson Mwebwe, yavuze ko inama nk’izi ari amahirwe adasanzwe ku bacuruzi n’abashoramari muri rusange aho bagiye gutangira kureba uko bayabyaza umusaruro.

Ati “Aya agiye kuba amahirwe adasanzwe kuri twe turi mu bucuruzi kandi tuzakomeza kureba uburyo twatangira kuyabyaza umusaruro.”

U Rwanda na Zimbabwe bifitanye amasezerano y’ubufatanye yagiye asinywa mu bihe bitandukanye harimo ayo muri Werurwe uyu mwaka ashyiraho Komisiyo ihuriweho ishinzwe kugenzura ishyirwa mu bikorwa ry’ubufatanye bw’ibihugu byombi ndetse bikaba biteganyijwe ko mu nama izabera i Kigali hazasinywa andi masezerano.


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