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Dosiye y’indege ya Habyarimana yongeye kuburwa

Yanditswe na IGIHE
Kuya 20 January 2022 saa 08:00
Yasuwe :

Urukiko Rusesa Imanza mu Bufaransa rugiye kwiga niba rushobora guhagarika burundu cyangwa kwiga kuri dosiye yo mu 2018 igendanye n’ihanurwa ry’indege ya Perezida Habyarimana.

Umwanzuro w’uru rukiko uzatangazwa ku wa 15 Gashyantare uyu mwaka. Uru rukiko rukuru mu nzego z’ubutabera mu Bufaransa ku wa Kabiri rwasabwe kwiga ku bujurire bwatanzwe n’imiryango y’abaguye mu ndege ya Habyarimana.

Agathe Kanziga, umugore wa Habyarimana, ni umwe mu batanze ubujurire hamwe n’imiryango y’abandi baguye muri iyi ndege.

Ni nyuma y’uko muri Mata 2020, Urukiko rw’i Paris rwari rwahagaritse iyi dosiye. Iperereza ku ihanurwa ry’iyi ndege ryateye agatotsi mu mubano w’u Rwanda n’u Bufaransa kuva mu myaka irenga 27 ishize cyane ko ryashinjaga bamwe mu bayobozi b’u Rwanda uruhare muri iyo mpanuka.

U Bufaransa bufata ihanurwa ry’indege ya Habyarimana nk’imbarutso ya Jenoside, gusa abashakashatsi n’abahanga mu mateka bo bakagaragaza ko atari byo kuko n’ubundi umugambi wo kwica Abatutsi wari umaze igihe kinini utegurwa na Guverinoma ya Habyarimana.

Ku wa 21 Ukuboza 2018, abacamanza bakora iperereza ku ihanurwa ry’indege ya Habyarimana bahagaritse ibirego bari bakurikiranyeho abo bakekagagaho uruhare muri icyo gikorwa, bavuga ko habuze ibimenyetso bibashinja ibyaha ndetse ko n’ubuhamya butangwa kuri iki kibazo buvuguruzanya.

Abo bacamanza banagaragaje ko iryo perereza ryangije byinshi ku buryo abatangabuhamya bamwe bagiye bahakana gukomeza kuyivugaho. Uyu mwanzuro waje kwemezwa n’Urukiko rw’Ubujurire rw’i Paris muri Nyakanga 2020.

Icyo gihe mu cyegeranyo kigizwe n’amapaji 64, urukiko rwanzuye ko nta bimenyetso bifatika bihari byatuma rikomeza.

Abacamanza b’Abafaransa bafashe iki cyemezo bwa mbere mu Ukuboza 2018 bavuga ko nta bimenyetso bigaragara byatuma iperereza rikomeza. Ariko imiryango y’abaguye mu ndege yari itwaye ba Perezida Habyarimana na Ntaryamira w’u Burundi, irakijuririra isaba ko risubukurwa abarikora bagashaka raporo yakozwe mu 2003 n’Urukiko Mpuzamahanga Mpanabyaha rwashyiriweho u Rwanda rwari Arusha muri Tanzania.

Umucamanza Jean Louis Bruguière ni we watangije iperereza yakoze adakandagiye ku butuka bw’u Rwanda, ariherekeresha impapuro zita muri yombi bamwe mu basirikare bakuru b’u Rwanda bagize uruhare mu rugamba rwo guhagarika Jenoside.

Nyuma muri Nzeri 2010, abacamanza babiri Nathalie Poux na Marc Trévidic baje mu Rwanda mu iperereza ku ihanurwa ry’iyi ndege, bagira n’umwanya wo kumva ubuhamya bw’abantu batandukanye yaba abari mu Rwanda no mu Burundi, nyuma banzura ko iyi ndege yahanuwe n’agatsiko k’intagondwa z’Abahutu zitakozwaga iby’isaraganya ry’ubutegetsi.

Mu 2016, Umucamanza Jean-Marc Herbaut na Nathalie Poux bongeye kugaruka kuri iri perereza, batangira baha umwanya bamwe mu barwanya ubutegetsi bw’u Rwanda nk’abatangabuhamya bakunze kurangwa no kunyuranya imvugo.

Nyuma y’ubu buhamya, aba bacamanza bahise batumiza uwari Minisitiri w’Ingabo z’u Rwanda, Gen. James Kabarebe, kugira ngo azajye kwisobanura; gusa ntiyigeze ajyayo.

Iyi ngingo iracyateye ibibazo kubera ingingo nyinshi. Urugero Agasanduku k’umukara [boîte noire], nta muntu uzi aho kari. Ubusanzwe ni cyo kimenyetso ntakuka kibika amakuru yose y’indege, uko urugendo rwayo rwagenze, ibiganiro umupilote yagiranye n’abari ku butaka bayigenzura, ibibazo yahuye na yo, bya kidobya bishobora kuyihungabanya n’ibindi.

Ni akantu gato kaba gafite ibara ry’umutuku na orange. Imyaka ibaye 27 ikinyoma cyarakwiriye Isi yose ko indege ya Habyarimana yahanuwe n’ingabo za FPR Inkotanyi, gusa habuze gihamya. Ni ikinyoma “cyakwijwe n’u Bufaransa”.

Falcon 50 ya Habyarimana yahanuwe ubwo yari iri hafi kugwa i Kanombe, ibice bimwe byayo byaguye mu rugo rwe. Agasanduku k’umukara kayo kabitse amakuru yose, kuko abahanga bagaragaza ko bishoboka ko abapilote babonye aho ibisasu byayihanuye byaturutse ndetse bagashaka no kubikwepa.

Amaperereza menshi yakunze kugaragaza ko ibisasu byaturutse muri “Camp de Kanombe” ahagenzurwaga n’abasirikare ba Habyarimana batakozwaga iby’amasezerano ya Arusha, hanabaga batayo y’aba-paracommando.

Ni inde watwaye aka gasanduku?

Iyo usomye inyandiko zose zivuga kuri aka gasanduku, kimwe mu bintu ubona ni ukubusanya imvugo ku ruhande rw’u Bufaransa. Bwa mbere, ko iyi ndege itari ifite aka gasanduku, ko yari ifite tubiri, ko nta musirikare w’u Bufaransa wahageze ikimara kugwa, ko bahageze bakagatwara, ko bahageze ntibagatware n’ibindi nk’ibyo.

Ku ikubitiro, Grégoire de Saint-Quentin wari ukuriye Bataillon y’Aba-Para-Commando b’Abafaransa bari mu Rwanda, ni we wageze mu rugo rwa Habyarimana aho indege ye yaguye.

Inyandiko yakozwe na Jacques Morel mu 2017 y’ubucukumbuzi ku ihanurwa ry’iyi ndege, ivuga ko Grégoire de Saint-Quentin yahageze hashize amasaha 22. Ku rundi ruhande, hari inyandiko zo muri Minisiteri y’Ingabo mu Bufaransa zerekana ko Grégoire yahageze mu minota 15 ari kumwe na ba Su-ofisiye babiri ndetse we ubwe akahaguma ijoro ryose bari gutwara imirambo, baza kugaruka mu gitondo ahagana saa mbili.

Hari ifoto ifitwe n’ubutabera bw’u Bubiligi igaragaza Saint-Quentin ari imbere ya moteri y’iyi ndege. Mu ijoro ryo ku wa 6 Mata rishyira ku wa 7 Mata, Saint-Quentin yabwiye umuganga w’Umubiligi witwa Massimo Pasuch ko baza gutegereza bukeye kugira ngo batware aka gasanduku.

Hari abatangabuhamya benshi bemeje ko aka gasanduku katwawe n’abasirikare b’u Bufaransa. Abarinzi b’urugo rwa Habyarimana bahamije ko indege ikimara kugwa, Abasirikare b’u Bufaransa bihutiye kujya gutwara aka gasanduku.

Sergent Major Barananiwe Jean-Marie Vianney, wari ukuriye abarinzi b’urugo rwa Habyarimana ku mugoroba wo ku wa 6 Mata 1994, yagize ati “Abafaransa baje gushaka boîte noire tariki 7 cyangwa 8 Mata 1994, ntabwo nibuka neza umunsi cyangwa se niba barayibonye.”

Grégoire Zigirumugabe, wari mu barinzi ba Perezida Habyarimana yavuze ko Abafaransa “babonye icyo gikoresho cyitwa Boîte noire ku itariki 7 Mata”.

Aloys Tegera, wari umurinzi wa Habyarimana, Jean Baptiste Nzayisenga na Léonard Ntibategera, bari aba-para-commando, nabo bemeje ko babonye Abafaransa bashaka boîte noire, banashwanyaguza ibice by’indege. Léonard Ntibategera we yavuze ko Abafaransa batwaye aka gasanduku.

Agathe Habyarimana, umugore wa Juvénal Habyarimana n’abana be mu kiganiro bagiranye n’abanyamakuru ku wa 21 Mata 1994 bari i Paris, bahamije ko boîte noire yatwawe n’abasirikare b’Abafaransa.

Colonel Bernard Cussac wari ushinzwe ibikorwa bya gisirikare muri Ambasade y’u Bufaransa mu Rwanda, nawe yahamije ko babonye agasanduku k’umukara k’iyi ndege.

Gen Paul Rwarakabije, wari lieutenant-colonel mu Ngabo za FAR mu 1994, nawe yahamije ko aka gasanduku katwawe na Grégoire de Saint Quentin ndetse ko n’ibindi bikoresho by’iyi ndege byari bikenewe byatwawe na Lieutenant-Colonel Rwabalinda akabijyana i Paris akabishyikiriza Gen Huchon wari ushinzwe imikoranire mu bya gisirikare.

Muri raporo y’umucamanza Jean-Louis Bruguière yemeza ko Ephrem Rwabalinda na Jean-Pierre Huchon bahuye.

Ibaruwa yo ku wa 15 Mata 1994 yanditswe na Minisitiri w’Ububanyi n’Amahanga w’u Rwanda muri Guverinoma y’Abatabazi igenewe Abadipolomate b’u Rwanda, ihamya ko ako gasanduku kabonetse, kagatwarwa n’Abafaransa.

Agace gato k’iyo baruwa kavuga ko ibizava mu igenzura ry’ako gasanduku “bizakorwaho iperereza” ariko ko byaba ari amahano “gufata umwanzuro ntakuka k’uwahanuye indege yahitanye ubuzima bwa Perezida Habyarimana”.

Ku wa 27 Kamena 1994, Minisitiri w’u Bufaransa ushinzwe gutwara abantu n’ibintu, Bernard Bosson, yabwiye Minisitiri w’Intebe wungirije w’u Bubiligi, Di Rupo, ko “abayobozi b’u Bufaransa bafite boîte noire y’indege ya Perezida w’u Rwanda yahanuwe” ndetse ko bayibitse mu bubiko bw’Ikigo Mpuzamahanga gishinzwe iby’Indege, ICAO.

U Bufaransa bwahimbye ikinyoma ku manywa y’ihangu

Ku wa 28 Kamena 1994, Paul Barril wahoze mu Ngabo z’u Bufaransa, yeretse abanyamakuru igikoresho byitwa ko ari boîte noire yari yagiye gushaka i Kigali. Icyo yerekanye ni agakoresho k’ikoranabuhanga, gacomekwaho iminara.

Muri Werurwe 2004, Le Monde yatangaje ko Loni ariyo yahishe aka gasanduku i New York. Ni mu gihe ingabo zayo, MINUAR, zitigeze zohereza ikintu na kimwe muri Amerika gifitanye isano n’iyo ndege.

Muri make, birasa n’aho kuva mu 1994, hari icengezamatwara rikomeye ryakozwe n’u Bufaransa mu itangazamakuru mu kuyobya uburari ku irengero ry’aka gasanduku.

Ikiri ukuri ni uko Falcon 50 yari ifite boîte noire, aho yaguye nta basirikare ba MINUAR bigeze bemererwa kuhagera, byanatumye ako kanya nta perereza mpuzamahanga ritangira. Abari bemerewe kugera aho iyi ndege yaguye nibo bazi aho agasanduku kayo kari.

Abo ni Abarinzi ba Habyarimana, abagize bataillon y’Aba-Para-Commando n’abasirikare b’u Bufaransa. Gusa bitewe n’ijambo u Bufaransa bwari bufite mu Rwanda, amahirwe menshi ni uko aribwo bwayitwaye, muri make Barril wari inkoramutima ya Habyarimana n’umuryango we azi ukuri.

Urukiko Rusesa Imanza mu Bufaransa nirwo rugiye kwiga bwa nyuma kuri dosiye y'ihanurwa y'indege ya Habyarimana

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