Bavuye kuri 2% baba 55%: Izingiro ry’ubwiyongere bw’Abanyarwanda bagerwaho n’amashanyarazi mu myaka 26

Yanditswe na Ishimwe Israel

Mu myaka 26 ishize, 2% by’abari batuye u Rwanda nibo bagerwagaho n’amashanyarazi, ubu imibare yarazamutse igera kuri 55% ndetse intego ihari ni uko mu 2024, abaturarwanda bazaba bacanirwa 100%.

Mu 1994 u Rwanda rwakoreshaga Megawatt 42,25 zatangwaga n’inganda eshanu mu gihe ubu rufite Megawatt 227. Icyo gihe amashanyarazi yakoreshwaga cyane mu bikorwa by’ubucukuzi bw’amabuye y’agaciro n’ibindi ariko mu ngo ntiyakoreshwaga cyane.

Muri gahunda u Rwanda rwihaye muri gahunda yarwo y’imyaka irindwi (NST1) ya 2017-2024ni uko ruzaba rufite Megawatt zingana na 556.

Umwaka wa 2020 ufite igisobanuro cyihariye ku bijyanye no gucanira abaturarwanda. Mu ntangiriro za Mutarama nibwo REG yujuje umufatabuguzi wa miliyoni imwe ukoresha amashanyarazi y’umuyoboro mugari.

Umuyobozi Mukuru wa REG, Eng. Ron Weiss, yavuze ko ari intambwe nziza yatewe ariko hakiri ibyo gukora byinshi.

Yagize ati “Kurenga 50% bifite igisobanuro cyiza kuri twe. Dufite abakiliya barenga miliyoni bagerwaho n’amashanyarazi afatiye ku muyoboro mugari n’abasaga ibihumbi 400 bakoresha izindi ngufu.’’

Mu 1994, inganda zatunganyaga amashanyarazi zirimo izavuguruwe zirimo Ntaruka, Mukungwa, Gihira, Gisenyi na Rusizi I n’iya II.

Ati “Twavuye kure ariko nk’umuntu uheruka mu Rwanda nko mu 2010 yabonye amatara make ariko ubu ugenda mu kirere cy’u Rwanda abona amatara mu ngo, imihanda iracaniye kandi amashanyarazi ameze neza.’’

-  Izingiro ry’ubwiyongere bw’abagerwaho n’amashanyarazi mu Rwanda

Mu gusobanura umusingi w’iterambere ryagezweho, Eng. Ron Weiss avuga ko ari umusaruro w’Ubuyobozi bwiza bw’u Rwanda n’ubufatanye bwa Leta n’abafatanyabikorwa bayo.

Yagize ati “Imiyoborere myiza ya Perezida Kagame niryo pfundo rya mbere ry’iterambere ry’Ingufu mu Rwanda. Duhabwa kandi inkunga iva mu bafatanyabikorwa batandukanye. Tubona inkunga nini iva muri Guverinoma y’u Rwanda no kuri Perezida, idufasha buri gihe kwitwara neza. Bijyanye n’icyerekezo cy’igihugu cyo gukorera hamwe, turi kugerageza kugera ku ntego.’’

Imishinga ihanzwe amaso izasiga buri Munyarwanda agerwaho n’amashanyarazi

U Rwanda rwihaye intego ko mu 2024, buri muturarwanda azaba ashobora gukoresha amashanyarazi yaba afatiye ku muyoboro mugari cyangwa izindi ngufu (amashanyarazi akomoka ku mirasire y’izuba).

Mu gihugu hari inganda 43 zikora mu gihugu muri zo 31 zubakiye ku ngomero z’amazi, hari n’izindi z’imirasire y’izuba, nyiramugengeri, Amashyuza ari mu Kiyaga cya Kivu n’ibindi.

Eng. Ron Weiss yavuze ko hari imishinga yagutse iri gukorwaho izatuma igihugu kirushaho kwihaza ku mashanyarazi.

Yagize ati “Harimo Uruganda rwa Hakan Peat to Power rw’amashanyarazi aturuka kuri nyiramugengeri izatanga Megawatt 70, hari n’inganda zo ku rwego rw’Akarere zirimo urwa Rusumo [ruhuriweho n’u Rwanda, Burundi na Tanzania], ni umushinga wa Megawatt 80 ariko tuzabona Megawatt 27. Tunafite Rusizi III (u Rwanda ihuriweho na Repubulika iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo n’Uburundi), uyu uzatanga Megawatt 200, tuzabona Megawatt 67.’’

-  Guverinoma ikeneye miliyari $1,5 azifashishwa mu kugeza amashanyarazi ku Banyarwanda bose

Mu 2000 abari bafite umuriro w’amashanyarazi bari 2%, mu mwaka wa 2010 bageze ku 9%,muri uyu mwaka abagerwaho n’ amashanyarazi ni 55%. Biteganyijwe ko bazaba ari 100% mu 2024, ibintu bizatuma iterambere ry’ u Rwanda muri rusange rirushaho kwiyongera.

Guverinoma y’u Rwanda iri gushakisha miliyari $1.5 zo kwifashishwa mu bikorwa bizageza amashanyarazi kuri bose bitarenze 2024.

Mu ntangiriro za Mutarama 2020 nibwo REG yujuje umufatabuguzi wa miliyoni imwe ukoresha amashanyarazi y’umuyoboro mugari.

REG ibara ko mu Rwanda hari ingo miliyoni 2.8, bivuze ko izigikeneye kugezwaho amashanyarazi ari miliyoni 1.4. Nyamara bijyanye n’iterambere ry’igihugu, habarwa ko kugeza mu 2024 hazaha harubatswe inzu nshya miliyoni imwe, ku buryo kugeza amashanyarazi ku 100% bisaba kugeza amashanyarazi ku ngo miliyoni 2.4.

Zimwe mu ngomero zirimo kubakwa zizatuma ingano y’amashanyarazi yiyongera; harimo megawatt 70 zizaturuka mu ruganda rwa Hakan, izo ngufu zizakomoka kuri nyiramugengeri mu karere ka Gisagara.

Hari megawatt 56 zizakomoka kuri Gaz Methane zizatangwa na Shema Power Lake Kivu Ltd irimo kubakwa mu Karere ka Rubavu. Hari uruganda rwa KivuWatt narwo ruri mu kiyaga cya Kivu mu Karere ka Karongi rutanga megawatt 26 ndetse hari na gahunda zo kuzongera.

Haza kandi megawatt 80 zizatangwa n’umushinga wa Rusumo zigabanywe u Rwanda, Tanzania n’u Burundi. Buri gihugu kizabona megawatt 27 zivuye kuri uyu mushinga uherereye ku ruzi rw’Akagera, ku Rusumo ku mupaka w’u Rwanda mu karere ka Kirehe na Ngara muri Tanzania.

Hari megawatt 43.5 zizatangwa na Nyabarongo II. Muri Mata 2019 nibwo Leta y’u Rwanda yasinyanye amasezerano avuguruye na sosiyete y’ubwubatsi y’Abashinwa yitwa ‘SynoHydro’ yo kuzubaka uru rugomero, rwitezweho ko ruzatangira gukora mu myaka itanu rutwaye miliyoni 214 z’amadolari.

Hari n’umushinga wa Rusizi III uhuriweho n’u Rwanda, u Burundi na Repubulika iharanira Demokarasi ya Congo, wa miliyoni zisaga 625 z’amadolari, ukazatanga megawatt 147 ariko ukazongerwa ubushobozi bwo gutanga megawatt 230.

Uru rugomero ruzubakwa ku mugezi wa Rusizi uri hagati y’u Rwanda, Repubulika iharanira Demokarasi ya Congo n’u Burundi, rukazatuma miliyoni z’ingo zo muri ibi bihugu zigerwaho n’amashanyarazi, kimwe n’inganda nto n’iziciriritse.

Uburyo abantu bagerwaho n’amashanyarazi mu Rwanda byakomeje guhinduka ku muvuduko uri hejuru.

Mu 2010 u Rwanda rwatunganyaga megawatt 97, ubu zigeze kuri megawatt 227 ndetse byitezwe ko kugeza mu 2024 haziyongeraho izindi megawatt zisaga 300 ku muyoboro mugari w’amashanyarazi.

Biteganywa ko mu 2024 abakoresha amashanyarazi, 52% bazaba bakoresha ay’umuyoboro mugari naho 48% bakoresha akomoka ku zindi ngufu nk’imirasire y’Izuba.

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Umuyobozi Mukuru wa REG, Eng. Ron Weiss, yavuze ko ari intambwe nziza yatewe ariko hakiri ibyo gukora byinshi

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Bavuye kuri 2% baba 55%: Izingiro ry’ubwiyongere bw’Abanyarwanda bagerwaho n’amashanyarazi mu myaka 26

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