Hari abacunga imitungo yasizwe na bene yo bashobora gutakaza ubwo bubasha bidatinze

Yanditswe na Munyengabe Murungi Sabin
Kuya 20 Mutarama 2016 saa 02:56
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Itegeko rishya ryerekeye imicungire n’imitungo yasizwe na bene yo riteganya ko abahawe ububasha (procuration) bwo gucunga imitungo yasizwe na bene yo mbere y’itariki ya 16 Ukwakira 2015 bagomba kuba babonye ububasha bushya bwo gucunga iyo mitungo bitarenze tariki ya 16 Werurwe 2016.

Nibarenza iyo tariki, imitungo bacungaga izafatwa nk’iyasizwe na bene yo itangire gucungwa na Leta.

Ubusanzwe itegeko No. 39/2015 ryo kuwa 22/08/2015 ryerekeye imicungire y’umutungo yasizwe na bene yo riteganya ko bitabangamiye ibiteganywa n’andi mategeko, imitungo yasizwe na bene yo icungwa na Leta ihagarariwe na Ministeri y’ubutabera kugeza igihe bene yo bimenyekanishije (Ingingo ya 11).

Iri tegeko kandi riteganya ko Ministeri y’ubutabera ishobora guha uburenganzira bwo gucunga umutungo umwe mu bashobora kuwuzungura cyangwa uwari uwurimo byemejwe n’Inama Njyanama y’umudugudu uwo mutungo uherereyemo. Mu gihe ba nyir’imitungo bapfuye nta bazungura bafite, imitungo basize yegurirwa Leta.

Ni ryari umutungo ufatwa nk’uwasizwe na bene wo ugacungwa na Leta?

Umutungo ufatwa nk’uwasizwe na bene wo ukaba ugomba gucungwa na Leta ni umutungo wose waba uwimukanwa cyangwa utimukanwa ukaba uri mu maboko yabawucunga batabifitiye ububasha kandi bene wo bakaba barapfuye nta n’umuntu wo kubanzungura wemewe n’amategeko uhari, cyangwa bene uwo mutungo bakaba batari mu Rwanda kubera impamvu zinyuranye ndetse bakaba nta n’umuntu basize wo gucunga uwo mutungo ubifitiye uburenganzira (mu buryo buteganywa n’amategeko).

Undi mutungo ufatwa nk’uwasizwe na bene wo ni umutungo wandagaye wasizwe na bene wo kubera impamvu tumaze kuvuga. Umutungo ufatwa nk’uwandagaye igihe cyose nta muntu uwitaho, udafashwe neza ku buryo ushobora guteza umutekano muke cyangwa ukoreshwa mu buryo butubahiriza amategeko agenga icungwa ryawo.

Abari barahawe ububasha bwo gucunga imitungo mbere ya tariki ya 16 Ukwakira 2015, ubwo bubasha buzata agaciro tariki ya 16 Werurwe 2016

Ingingo ya 20 y’itegeko ryerekeye gucunga imitungo twavuze hejuru riteganya ko:
” Haseguriwe ibiteganywa n’iri tegeko, ucunga imitungo yasizwe na bene yo hakurikijwe ububasha yari yarahawe na bene yo mbere y’uko iri tegeko ritangira gushyirwa mu bikorwa, agomba kuba yabonye ububasha bushya mu gihe kitarenze amezi atandatu (6) kuva umunsi iri tegeko ritangiye gukurikizwa.”

Ingaruka z’amategeko (legal effects / effets juridiques) z’ibivugwa muri iyi ngingo ni uko uzaba atarabona ububasha bushya (procuration nshya), azafatwa nk’aho acunga uwo mutungo atabifitiye ububasha bityo nk’uko twabibonye hejuru, uwo mutungo uzahita ujya mu cyiciro cy’imitungo yasizwe na bene yo igomba gucungwa na Leta.

Amezi atandatu bavuga muri iyi ngingo ya 20 atangira kubarwa uhereye igihe itegeko ryasohokeye mu igazeti ya Leta. Ni ukuvuga tariki ya 16/10/2015. Ibi bivuze ko amezi atandatu azarangira tariki ya 16/03/2016.

Ububasha bushya (procuration) buvugwa muri iri tegeko butangwa bute?

Ingingo ya 15 y’itegeko ryerekeye gucunga imitungo yasizwe na bene yo iteganya ko ububasha (procuration) bwemewe bwo gucunga umutungo wasizwe na bene wo ari ubutangirwa imbere ya Noteri cyangwa imbere y’abahagarariye u Rwanda mu mahanga.

Ibi bivuze ko imitungo yabarirwaga mu yasizwe na bene yo, iyo habonetse ufite ububasha bwo kuyicunga (ufite procuration yahawe na nyir’imitungo mu buryo bwemewe n’amategeko), ivanwa mu mitungo yacungwaga na Leta igacungwa n’ubiherewe ububasha.

Hari ibindi ukwiye gusibanukirwa kuri iri tegeko ryerekeye gucunga imitungo yasizwe na bene yo:

Iyo uwari warasize imitungo ye yimenyekanishije arayisubizwa

Iyo nyir’umutungo yimenyekanishije, amaze no kugaragaza ibimenyetso bihamya ko uwo mutungo ari uwe koko, asubizwa umutungo we nta mpaka.

Icyakora, iyo usubizwa umutungo akurikiranyweho icyaha cya jenoside, ibyaha byibasiye inyokomuntu n’ibyaha by’intambara, umuntu wese ubifitemo inyungu ashobora gusaba ko uwo mutungo ufatirwa by’agateganyo, hakurikijwe amategeko abigenga (ingingo ya 10).

Amafaranga yasizwe na bene yo kuri konti no mu bigo by’imari ashobora kwimurirwa muri BNR

Bisabwe na Minisiteri y’Ubutabera (MINIJUST), Banki Nkuru y’Igihugu (BNR) imenyesha MINIJUST umubare w’amafaranga yasizwe na bene yo ari mu mabanki n’ibindi bigo by’imari.

MINIJUST ishobora gusaba urukiko rubifitiye ububasha kwemeza ko amafaranga yasizwe na bene yo yimurirwa kuri konti ntakorwaho ifungurwa muri Banki Nkuru y’Igihugu (BNR).

Iyo konti ntakorwaho iri muri BNR ni nayo ishyirwaho kimwe cya kabiri (1/2) cy’amafaranga avuye mu musaruro ubyazwa imitungo yasizwe na bene yo nk’ubukode bw’inzu, imodoka n’ibindi.

Amafaranga angana na kimwe cya kabiri kindi abikwa kuri konti isanzwe ifungurwa muri Banki Nkuru y’Igihugu kugira ngo azakoreshwe mu gufata neza no gusana imitungo yasizwe na bene yo no gutanga imisoro ikomoka kuri iyo mitungo.

Iyo nyir’umutungo yigaragaje asubizwa amafaranga ye. Ayo mafaranga asubizwa ava kuri konti ndakorwaho twavuze hejuru bisabwe na MINIJUST, akayasubizwa havanyweho icumi ku ijana (10%) ajya mu isanduku ya Leta. Asubizwa kandi amafaranga yose atarakoreshejwe kuri konti ishyirwaho amafaranga yo gusana no gufata neza imitungo yari yarasize.

Bisabwe n’Intumwa Nkuru ya Leta, iyo amafaranga yashyizwe kuri konti ndakorwaho atabonye bene yo, yegurirwa Leta hakurikijwe igihe cy’ubuzime giteganywa n’amategeko, byemejwe n’urukiko rubifitiye ububasha.

Twanzura...

Twanzura iyi nkuru naboneraho kwibutsa abantu bose bari bafite procuration (inyandiko ibaha uburenganzira bwo gucunga umutungo wasizwe na bene wo) bahawe mbere y’itariki ya 16 Ukwakira 2015 ko izo procurations zizata agaciro tariki ya 16 Werurwe 2016 nk’uko twabisobanuye hejuru.

Barasabwa rero gushaka procuration nshya zikorerwe imbere ya Noteri cyangwa abahagarariye u Rwanda mu mahanga. Bitabaye ibyo imitungo bacungaga izasigara icungwa na Leta.

Naboneraho kandi kwibutsa abafite procurations zo gucunga imitungo yasizwe na bene yo ko bagomba gutanga amakuru ajyanye n’iyo mitungo ku buyobozi bw’Umurenge iyo mitungo iherereyemo cyangwa kuri MINIJUST bitarenze tariki ya 16 Werurwe 2016 nk’uko biteganywa n’ingingo ya 6 y’iri tegeko ryerekeye imicungiro y’umutungo yasizwena bene yo.

Ingaruka zo kudatanga aya makuru ntizoroshye kuko abantu bose bafite procuration zo gucunga imitungo yasizwe na bene yo, iyo bigaragaye ko bahishe amakuru yerekeye iyo mutungo, babeshye cyangwa bakoresheje impapuro mpimbano kugira ngo bayitware cyangwa bayikoreshe nk’aho ari iyabo bwite, bashobora gufatirwa ibyemezo biteganya n’ingingo ya 7 y’iryo tegeko birimo nko kuba MINIJUST ishobora kubavana mu mitungo yasizwe na bene yo bacungaga no kubishyuza umusaruro wavuye muri iyo mitungo uhereye tariki ya 02/03/2000 bitabujije ko bakurikiranwa n’ubutabera.

“Ntawe ushobora kwitwaza ko atazi itegeko iyo ryatangajwe mu buryo buteganywa n’amategeko”. – Ingingo ya 176 y’Itegekonshinga rya Repubulika y’ u Rwanda nk’uko ryavuguruwe kugeza ubu.

Byakusanyijwe na Maurice Munyentwali.
E-Mail: [email protected]


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