Impinduka mu myigishirize y’isomo ry’amateka: Abaritinyaga n’abarigenderaga kure bahawe umwihariko

Yanditswe na Ntabareshya Jean de Dieu
Kuya 17 Mata 2021 saa 01:11
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Urwego rw’Igihugu rushinzwe Uburezi bw’Ibanze, REB na Komisiyo ishinzwe kurwanya Jenoside, CNLG, bivuga ko hari gushyirwa imbaraga mu kwigisha amateka ya Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi hibandwa mu guhugura abarimu kugira ngo babashe kuyigisha badategwa.

Nyuma yo guhagarika Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi yatwaye ubuzima bw’abasaga miliyoni imwe, kubaka no kwigisha ubumwe mu banyarwanda nibyo byimakajwe kugira ngo hirindwe ko hakongera kuba amacakubiri.

Nubwo ari ibyahise ariko umunyarwanda yagize ati “utazi iyo ava nta menya iyo ajya” ibi bivuze ko kugira ngo ugire icyo ugeraho cyangwa aho ugera ubanza kureba inyuma aho wavuye bitewe n’aho ugamije kugera.

Nta gushidikanya ko u Rwanda rwifuzaga kugera ku bumwe n’ubwiyunge bw’Abaturarwanda, ni yo mpamvu bagombaga kubanza kumenya ikibateza amacakubiri mu kuvugutira hamwe umuti urambye.

Amateka yakomeje kwigishwa mu mashuri ndetse mu bitabo by’amateka hongerwamo n’amateka ya Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi mu Rwanda.

REB ivuga ko impamvu yo kongera iri somo mu mashuri ari ukugira ngo harebwe uburyo uburezi bwakoreshejwe mu gucamo Abanyarwanda ibice bwaba umuyoboro mwiza wo kongera kubaka umuryango nyarwanda wunze ubumwe.

Ati “Twifuza ko abana barangiza amashuri yisumbuye baba basobanukiwe neza impamvu zatumye Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi ibaho, uburyo yakozwe kandi igakoranwa ubugome ndengakamere, ingaruka yagize ku gihugu no ku banyarwanda muri rusange. Kumenya inzira itoroshye u Rwanda rwanyuzemo rwongera kwiyubaka haba mu mibanire yari yarasenyutse kugera kuri zeru, mu bukungu nabwo bwari bwarasenywe kugera ku gipimo cyo hasi.”

Umunyamabanga Nshingwabikorwa wa CNLG, Dr Bizimana Jean Damascène, aherutse gutangariza RBA ko amateka yigishwa mu mashuri hashingiwe ku myaka y’abana.

Yagize ati “Hari amateka akakaye, amateka ya Jenoside ntiwayigisha abana b’imyaka itanu itandatu, ni uguhera ku myaka 12 bamaze gusobanukirwa. Rero imikoranire hagati y’inzego irahari […] twari twatangiye guhugura abarimu, kandi tuzabikomeza kugira ngo nabo habe icyo kintu cyo kuganira tumenye aho bafite imbogamizi aho bafite ibibazo noneho za nzego zifatanye kugira ngo za mbogamizi zikemuke. ”

Yongeye gukomoza ku burezi abana bahabwa bari mu ngo avuga ko hakwiye ubufatanye n’inzego zitandukanye zirimo Minisiteri y’Iterambere ry’Umuryango n’Uburinganire; Unity Club; Komisiyo y’Ubumwe n’Ubwiyunge, amadini n’amatorero, ubuyobozi bw’inzego z’ibanze ndetse n’uruhari rw’ababyeyi.

Nubwo amateka yigishwa mu byiciro bitandukanye by’amashuri hagendewe ku myaka y’abana, Umuyobozi w’Urwego rw’Igihugu rushinzwe Uburezi bw’Ibanze mu Rwanda, Dr Mbarushimana Nelson, yavuze ko hagiye habamo imbogamizi zirimo n’abarimu bagorwa no gusobanura byimbitse ayo mateka.

Ati “Twasanze kwigisha isomo rya Jenoside bitaroroheraga abarimu. Impamvu zo ni nynshi ariko iz’ingenzi zishingiye ku mateka abarimu babayemo, abayirokotse ntibyoroshye gusubira muri ariya mateka, naho abandi ugasanga hari abafite abo mu miryango yabo bayigizemo uruhare bagira ipfunwe kubisobanura neza no kuyivugaho batabogamye.”

Hari n’imbogamizi zo kutigirira icyizere, ubumenyi buke ku barimu benshi bagaragazaga ko hari ibibazo bimwe batabasha gusubiza abana iyo bari kwigisha isomo rya Jenoside, hakaba n’abandi bahabwa kwigisha amateka batarayize bityo bikaba imbogamizi.

Abarimu bigisha amateka bashyiriweho uburyo buhoraho bw'amahugurwa

Abarenga 1500 bamaze guhugurwa…

Mu kurandura burundu izo mbogamizi zikigaragara mu kwigisha amateka ya Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi mu buryo bwimbitse, hateguwe gahunda zitandukanye zigamije kubakira abarimu ubushobozi no kubongerera ubumenyi.

Nko mu 2016, habayeho amahugurwa agamije kwigisha amahoro, gukemura amakimbirane no gukumira Jenoside, mu 2008 nabwo hari habayeho guhugura abarimu uko bigisha amateka y’u Rwanda, naho mu 2017 abarimu b’amateka bongeye guhugurwa ku mahoro n’uburezi bufite ireme.

N’ubwo ibyo byose byabayeho bigamije kongerera ubumenyi abigisha amateka mu mashuri, Dr Mbarushimana yavuze ko basanze bidahagije bityo bifashisha ku bahuriza hamwe.

Ati “Twasanze kandi n’iyo twabahugura bose, bitatanga umusaruro mwiza kuko baba badahuguriwe mu buryo bumwe bituma mu 2020 dufatanyije na Komisiyo y’Igihugu y’Itorero twarateguye itorero ry’abarimu bigisha amateka mu Rwanda hahugurwa abasaga 1617.”

Ku ruhande rwa CNLG, Dr Bizimana yavuze ko aya mahugurwa n’ibindi biganiro bihoraho n’abarimu bigisha amateka hagamijwe guhugura no gutinyura abarimu bakigisha ayo mateka bashize amanga.

Dr Mbarushimana yavuze ko bitewe n’uko intenganyanyigisho ihinduka buri myaka itanu hazarebwa uko isomo ry’Amateka ya Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi ryarekwa kwigishwa nk’igice cyo mu isomo ry’amateka ahubwo naryo rikaba isomo ukwaryo.

Ati “Ni ibyo tuzabirebaho mu kuvugurura, tuzabirebaho turebe koko niba bitagenda gutyo cyane ko iyo integanyanyigisho itangiye kuvugururwa harebwa ibibazo byaba bihari, ibitekerezo bitangwa uko abanyeshuri biga cyangwa bigishwa ubwo hakagakorwa igikwiriye, ibyo tuzabirebaho ko bishobora gukorwa muri ubwo buryo.”

Yavuze ko mu gutegura integanyanyigisho kuri aya mateka, bakorana bya hafi na CNLG ibafasha kubona amateka acukumbuye cyane ko bo bakora ubushakashatsi kandi bandika n’ibitabo byinshi bivuga ku mateka ya Jenoside ndetse hakifashishwa n’inzobere mu mateka kandi zemewe ku rwego mpuzamahanga.

Dr Mbarushimana ashimangira ko buri mwarimu wigisha amateka akwiye kugenzurwa ko yigisha neza kandi ko afite ubwo bumenyi bwo kwigisha iryo somo bigizwemo uruhare n’ubuyobozi bw’ibigo by’amashuri n’abashinzwe uburezi mu bice bitandukanye.

Ibi byongeye gushimangirwa na Dr Bizimana Jean Damascène wavuze ko mu mfashanyigisho hashobora kongerwamo ibintu runaka birimo kunoza imfashanyigisho bitewe n’ibintu bishya byaba byaje nyuma yo kuganirwaho n’impuguke muri izo nzego zose.

Abarimu bashyiriweho amahugurwa mu isomo ry'amateka kugira ngo barusheho kwigisha bashize amanga

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