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Intambwe ku yindi: Ukuboko kwa Rusesabagina muri politiki, igisirikare no gukusanya inkunga yo gufasha FLN

Yanditswe na Musangwa Arthur
Kuya 17 Nzeri 2021 saa 07:11
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Mu nyandiko mvugo yo ku wa 31 Kanama 2020, Rusesabagina Paul yatanze mu Rwego rw’Igihugu rw’Ubugenzacyaha, RIB, yemeye ko yakoze ubuvugizi bwo gutera inkunga Umutwe w’Iterabwoba wa MRCD/FLN, washinzwe mu mugambi wagutse wo guhungabanya ubutegetsi bw’u Rwanda.

Rusesabagina ari imbere y’ubutabera aho akurikiranyweho uruhare mu gushyigikira ibikorwa by’iterabwoba byavuyemo ibitero byagabwe mu Rwanda, bikagwamo abaturage icyenda mu bihe bitandukanye.

Ibimenyetso bitandukanye byerekana ko uyu mugabo w’imyaka 67, yagize uruhare rufatika mu ishingwa ry’Impuzamashyaka MRCD, ifite inyeshyamba za FLN.

Rusesabagina ari muri RIB, ubwo yabazwaga amafaranga yahawe MRCD/FLN yavuze ko atamenya neza umubare ariko ko agera mu bihumbi 300 by’amayero. Yasobanuye ko abazi neza uko amafaranga yakusanywaga, akanagezwa ku barwanyi ba FLN ari ababitsi ba MRCD.

Ni igisubizo yatanze asa n’ushaka kugabanya uburemere bw’icyaha no guhunga inshingano yari afite n’uruhare yagize mu gutera inkunga iterabwoba binyuze muri MRCD/FLN.

Inyandiko zafatiwe muri mudasobwa ya Rusesabagina mu Bubiligi zigaragaza ko yari ku ruhembe rw’imikorere yayo ndetse yakurikiraniraga hafi ibikorwa byose kuva ku gushaka amaboko y’abaterankunga, kugena politiki igenderwaho no gutanga ibitekerezo ku bikeneye gukorwa ku rugamba.

Inyandiko mvugo ye muri RIB, yuzuzwa n’ibyo yaganiriye na Gen Irategeka Wilson wayoboraga CNRD Ubwiyunge, ishyaka ryari muri MRCD [yarimo PDR Ihumure ya Paul Rusesabagina na RRM ya Nsabimana Callixte ‘Sankara’.]

Gen Irategeka yamubwiye ati “Turi gushaka kohereza abahinzi mu murima, wowe ukohereza amafaranga aho tutazi. Urashaka kubacamo ibice?’’

Rusesabagina ubwo yari mu Bugenzacyaha yavuze ko mu mvugo zabo, bakoreshaga “abahinzi” bashaka kuvuga “abarwanyi”, “amasuka” yasimburaga “imbunda”, “amasasu” bayitaga “utubuyenge” mu gihe ku irasaniro “Champ de Bataille’ hitwaga mu “murima” cyangwa ku isambu.

Umugambi wo gukusanya inkunga ya MRCD/FLN witwikiriye inzira yo gucyura impunzi

Mu gukusanya inkunga yo gufasha MRCD/FLN, Rusesabagina yatangaga umusanzu utomoye kuva ku gushaka ubushobozi no gukora ubukangurambaga bwo kongera abayoboke bafatanya mu mugambi mubisha wo kurwanya u Rwanda.

Inyandiko igaragaza bimwe mu bimenyetso byatanzwe n’Ubushinjacyaha bw’u Bubiligi nyuma yo gusaka urugo rwa Rusesabagina i Bruxelles yerekana inzira zakoreshwaga mu gukusanya inkunga yakoreshejwe mu bikorwa by’iterabwoba bya MRCD/FLN.

Bimwe mu biganiro byasanzwe mu nyandiko zo muri groupe ya WhatsApp yitwa “Abadasigana ba MRCD’’, yarimo na Rusesabagina wari wariyise “Pas Besoin.’’ Rusesabagina yemeye ko iyo telefoni yari iye ndetse ariyo yakoreshaga mu Bubiligi.

Mu bihe bitandukanye, Rusesabagina kimwe n’abandi bayoboke ba MRCD/FLN bandikiranye bajya inama ku cyakorwa ngo umugambi wabo utange umusaruro.

Imwe muri izo nyandiko yerekana ko uwitwa Nsengiyumva Appolinaire yashyizwe mu bayobozi bakurikiraniraga hafi ubukangurambaga bwari bugamije gushyiraho amatsinda yo gushishikariza abantu cyane cyane impunzi z’Abanyarwanda kwinjira no gushyigikira uyu mugambi no kwigomwa bagatanga icyo bafite, bizezwa ko “ari zimwe mu nzira zizabafasha gutaha mu Rwanda.”

Ku wa 28 Mutarama 2018, Nsengiyumva yandikiye uwitwa Emma kuri WhatsApp, amubwira ko hakenewe imbaraga mu bukangurambaga kugira ngo abantu bashyigikire urugamba rwa MRCD/FLN.

Ati “Komera Emma, ni byo rwose hakenewe kongera ingufu mu kazi. Mukangurire inshuti n’abavandimwe bikore ku mufuka kuko amikoro ni kimwe mu bidindiza imirimo. Nimwigomwe mu gihe gito maze icyo mubonye cyoherezwe ku isambu. Imana ibidufashemo.”

Nsengiyumva Appolinaire yari ku ruhembe rw'abayobozi bakoraga ubukangurambaga bugamije gushaka abayoboke ba MRCD/FLN no gukusanya ubushobozi bwo gutera inkunga ibikorwa by'iterabwoba

Ijisho rya Rusesabagina ryagenzuriraga hafi imikorere ya MRCD/FLN

Mu bihugu bitandukanye hatangiye gushakishwa abarwanashyaka benshi kugira ngo uwo mugambi ugerweho.

Nko ku wa 27 Gashyantare 2018, Ntakirutimana Esdras utuye i Yaoundé muri Cameroun yandikiye Rusesabagina amubwira ko ubukangurambaga bugomba gushyirwamo imbaraga (“kuba intense”).

Yagize ati “Mukomere Mzee, akazi karakomeje. Mobilisation igomba kuba intense. Nifuzaga ko mwavugana n’umuhungu uri Canada witwa Jovial, twahoze dukorana muri F ariyo avuye muri Canada. Tumaze kuvugana rwose kandi yavamo umurwanashyaka mwiza w’umukozi. Yemeye ko mwavugana kandi na nyirabukwe babana muri Canada muraziranye cyane kuko sebukwe w’uwo muhungu akomoka iwanyu i Gitwe, Murama.”

Rusesabagina yamenyeshwaga buri kimwe cyose gikorwa muri MRCD/FLN kugeza no ku bayoboke bashya. Muri bimwe byagenderwagaho mu guhitamo inkoraramutima zabo, bagenderaga ku cyenewabo

Aba barwanashyaka bari mu mashyaka ya CNRD Ubwiyunge, PDR Ihumure na RRM yaje kubyara MRCD, bose basabwe gusenyera umugozi umwe mu kwegeranya inkunga yo gufasha FLN.

Mu nyandiko yo ku wa 27 Nyakanga 2018, Nsengiyumva Appolinnaire, yandikiye Rusesabagina amubwira kwibutsa abakuru b’amashyaka yo muri MRCD; ubwo ni we wayoboraga PDR, Gen Irategeka Wilson wa CNRD na Nsabimana Callixte Sankara wa RRM kubwira abantu bahagarariye ko ubu ibikorwa bya mobilization na fundraising turi kubikorera hamwe, ku bw’ibyo aho bari hose bagakorera hamwe.’’

Yakomeje ati “Abo muri RRM bamenyekane bashyirwe mu buyobozi bw’ibanze kugira ngo message [ubutumwa] ibe imwe. Ibi birihutirwa cyane cyane hano twatangiye akazi. Abakuru mubidufashemo.”

Abayobozi bakuru b'amashyaka yihuje akabyara MRCD, bahoraga bashishikarizwa kwigisha abanyamuryango bashya kugira ngo bagwize imbaraga

Icyo gihe “Pas Besoin”, izina rya Rusesabagina kuri ya groupe ya WhatsApp yarasubije ati “Wiriwe, ubu ndi mu igaraje nindangiza ibyo ndimo nkoresha ndabashaka.”

Nyuma yo gushyiraho inzego zitandukanye zigize MRCD-FLN, Komisiyo ishinzwe Ubukungu yahawe inshingano zo gukusanya inkunga hirya no hino ku Isi (Congo-Brazaville, Cameroun, u Buholandi, Malawi, Kenya n’ahandi).

Tariki 5 Kanama 2018, Nsengiyumva yongeye kwandika ati “Komiseri ushinzwe Imari agomba kwigaragaza cyane (kuba active) muri ibi bihe turimo. Sinzi niba uwo mudamu aboneka igihe cyose ku buryo yabikora neza. Bitabaye ibyo, nasaba ko niba dufite umuntu twizeye i Brazzaville, Cameroun cyangwa uwo muzahurira mu Buholandi mube ari we mubishinga. Murakoze”.

Rusesabagina yaramusubije ati “Wiriwe, ubonye akanya twavugana.”

Nyuma y’iminsi itatu gusa, ku wa 8 Kanama 2018, Nsengiyumva yongeye kwandika amumenyesha ko “ya gahunda ya Gisubizo nabitunganyije.”

Yakomeje ati “Byari bigoye ariko nabikoze, nizeye ko nta ngaruka zizabaho nyuma. Yakomeje gutsimbarara ku biribwa n’icumbi ry’abantu batandatu yohereje.”

Rusesabagina yari azi neza buri kimwe cyose cyakorwaga muri MRCD/FLN. Mbere yo gukora inama yabanzaga kumenyeshwa

Rusesabagina yahabwaga raporo ku gato n’akanini

Paul Rusesabagina nka Perezida wa MRCD/FLN, yatangaga umurongo ngenderwaho, akanaha umugisha ibikorwa bya buri tsinda aho riherereye kuko buri raporo yamugezwagaho.

Nka tariki 20 Kanama 2018, uwitwa Ngarambe Jean Baptiste yandikiye Rusesabagina amubaza ku bantu bashaka kwinjira mu ishyaka.

Ati “Hari umuntu twavuganaga ngo hari abantu bashaka gufasha ariko batinjiye mu ishyaka. Kubera iyo mpamvu ngo ntabwo bashyiraho cellule y’ishyaka.”

Rusesabagina yamusubije ati “Abashaka kuza mu ishyaka bagafasha barimo, bahawe ikaze kandi n’abashaka gufasha gusa, imfashanyo zabo turazakiriza amaboko yombi.”

Rusesabagina yakoreshaga izina rya “Pas Besoin.’’ Inyandiko zitandukanye zerekana ko yahaga buri wese ikaze ngo bafatanye umugambi wo guhungabanya u Rwanda

Urugero rubihamya ruri muri raporo y’urugendo Eric Munyemana wari Umubitsi Mukuru wa MRCD/FLN, yamugejejeho akubutse mu rugendo yakoreye muri Afurika n’inkunga yahaboneye.

Tariki 10 Nzeri 2018 yandikiye Rusesabagina ati “Raporo y’urugendo muri Malawi. Tariki 29 Kanama ni bwo nagiyeyo, ngenda nsura abavandimwe twari twaravuganye kuri telefoni bakishimira intambwe MRCD irimo itera.’’

“Nabasabye gushyigikira ibikorwa bya MRCD, mbasobanurira ingorane z’amikoro zihari, bagenda begeranya inkunga yaje kugera ku 5.740.000 Koca (ni nka 8000$). Nasanze kandi bari barateranyije 6000$ mbere y’uko ngerayo. Bari barabashije gukora ubukangurambaga mu muntu w’i Nairobi na we watanze 2000$. Umusaruro w’abo bavandimwe bose ni 22.300$ n’amayero 1000.’’

Yongeyeho ko yakoresheje itike y’amayero 937 n’amafaranga yo kwifashisha yise “ka argent de poche” k’amayero 150. Aya arimo ay’ingendo, telefoni na internet no gufata akantu rimwe na rimwe.

Nyuma y'urugendo yakoreye muri Malawi, Munyemana yatanze raporo yose yerekana uko amafaranga yakusanyijwe angana n'ayakoreshejwe

Munyemana kandi yongeye gutanga raporo kuri Rusesabagina agaruka ku byavuye mu nama yabereye i Paris, ibitekerezo byahatangiwe n’ingano y’umusanzu wahatangiwe ku wa 15 Nzeri 2021.

Muri iyo nyandiko yanditswe nyuma y’umunsi umwe, ku wa 16 Nzeri 2018, Munyemana yagize ati “Ku wa Gatandatu tariki 15 Nzeri, Biruka, Eric na Jean Louis ni bo babashije kuboneka bajya i Paris. Habonetse abantu bake cyane (9). Ababonetse bateranyije amikoro angana n’amayero 840. Nta sale yari yakodeshejwe ahubwo twahuriye muri parc public. Habayeho kuganira twumvikana ko nyuma icyo gikorwa kizongera kubaho mu kwezi kumwe, ariko twiha inshingano ko buri muntu atazaza wenyine ko ahubwo buri wese azaza azanye n’undi muntu.”

Usibye raporo y’ibyakozwe Rusesabagina yahabwaga, yanagishwaga inama mbere yo gufata icyemezo icyo ari cyo cyose, agatanga umurongo ukwiye.

Ibi ni nako byagenze ku witwa Matabaro Patrick wo muri Cameroun; mbere yo gushishikariza impunzi zihatuye gutera inkunga MRCD/FLN, yabanje kumugisha inama.

Nyuma yo kwemererwa kujya kuganira n’impunzi, yarabikoze, ndetse akubutseyo, atanga raporo y’urugendo avuyemo.

Tariki 7 Mata 2019, Matabaro yandikiye Rusesabagina ati “Ubu mvuye mu nama y’inteko rusange idasanzwe y’umuryango w’impunzi z’Abanyarwanda hano i Yaoundé. Ni inama nari nasabye Perezida w’umuryango ubwo duheruka guhura n’itsinda rya MRCD tariki 28 Werurwe 2019, kugira ngo dutange ubutumwa bw’urugamba rwa MRCD/FLN kuri bose icyarimwe.’’

Matabaro kuri uwo munsi yabwiye Rusesabagina ko nyuma yo kubasobanurira urwo rugamba biyemeje ko bagiye gushyira imbaraga mu bikorwa byo gukusanya inkunga binyuze mu mazone kugera no ku nzu ndetse avuga ko bazatanga igihe ntarengwa cyo guhigura ubwo bwitange.

Ati “Nyuma yo gukusanya ikizaba cyavuye muri ubwo bwitange [promesses] bazaba batanze, tukazabaza abayobozi bakuru ba MRCD uko uwo musanzu uvuye i Yaoundé wabageraho. NB: Byagaragaye ko abantu bishimiye ko tuvuye mu bwoba tukaba twerekanye ko twiyemeje kwinjira mu rugamba ku mugaragaro. Murakoze.”

Mu gukusanya amafaranga hakoreshwaga imbaraga n'igisa n'igitsure kugira ngo haboneke ubushobozi bwo gushyigikira ibikorwa bya MRCD/FLN

Kugenda biguru ntege mu kugaba ibitero byatumaga inkunga iba iyanga

Mu bukangurambaga bwakorwaga, abarwanashyaka babwirwaga ko hakenewe inkunga yo gushyigikira abarwanyi ba FLN bagombaga kugaba ibitero.

Ibi byatumaga rero iyo hashiraga iminsi myinshi nta gitero kigabwe, umusanzu ugabanuka. Icyo gihe byasabaga ko abayobozi baganira ku buryo bushya bwo gukangura abanyamuryango ba MRCD.

Izo nyandiko zerekana ko muri ubwo uburyo harimo no gusaba abahinzi (imvugo yakoreshwaga mu kuvuga ‘abarwanyi’), guhinga (byavugaga ‘kugaba ibitero’).

Uwamahoro Emilien ku wa 24 Ukwakira 2018 yanditse ati “Mukomere, birakwiye ko twabikora ariko ubu bamwe batangiye kudufata nk’ababeshyi kubera nta gikorwa giherutse, abandi bakongeraho ko ntaho dutaniye n’abasanzwe natwe twatangiye kugaragaraho gucikamo ibice. Tuzagerageza ariko ntibyoroshye.”

Frank yarasubije ati “Niko biri, wagira ngo bazajya bafasha ibikorwa gusa ntibiduca intege nukugumya dukora mobilization.”

Ibiganiro byinshi byafatiwe muri telefoni ya Rusesabagina, ubwo Ubushinjacyaha bw'u Bubiligi bwajyaga gusaka urugo rwe

Eric yahise asubiza ati “Mwiriwe neza, kuwa Gatandatu tariki 3/11 dutegure igikorwa cyo kwiteza imbere se? Hari ubukangurambaga hanze aha bwo kudusenya ko twabeshyaga, ko nta bikorwa tugira. Nkaba nibaza niba hari abantu tuzabona. 1) Dutegure igikorwa abazaza bose? 2) Tube turetse dutegereze abana babanze bakomeze ihinga? Mumfashe guhitamo icyo twakora.”

Emilien Uwamahoro tariki 25 Ukwakira 2018 yaranditse ati “Mukomere, njye ndumva options ya kabiri ariyo twafata kuko no mu gikorwa cyo kwiteza imbere hazamo abantu baje kuneka ko twabonye abantu. Ibaze tubabuze n’iyo campagne yo kudukoba irimo kudukorerwa byaba bibi kurushaho. Bahinge natwe tube twitegura kuzagenda tubagara, twicira n’ibisamho Ariko bitabujije ko abantu basanzwe batwizeye kandi batwiyumvamo kubegera tugafata icyo baba baduhaye.”

Bimwe mu biganiro byakorwaga habayeho kuzimiza ku buryo utamenya neza icyo bashakaga kuvuga mu gihe utasesenguye neza cyangwa uhuze ayo magambo n'urugamba

Rusesabagina aregwa ibyaha icyenda bifitanye isano n’ibikorwa by’iterabwoba. Tariki ya 20 Nzeri 2021 ni bwo urukiko ruzatangaza umwanzuro ku rubanza we n’abandi 20 baregwamo.

Paul Rusesabagina akurikiranyweho ibyaha icyenda bifitanye isano n'ibikorwa by’iterabwoba

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