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Uburyo Mwenda adasobanukiwe umugambi mugari wa Museveni ku Rwanda

Yanditswe na Mushimire Olivier
Kuya 17 Nzeri 2021 saa 09:51
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Umunyamakuru Andrew Mwenda ukomoka muri Uganda, azi uwabaye intandaro hagati y’u Rwanda na Uganda. Ku itariki ya 3 Kanama 2018, yanditse inkuru ifite umutwe ugira uti ‘Kayihura, Kagame, Museveni’, yavugaga ko ishingiye ku makuru y’ibanga yabonye ubwo yakoraga nk’intumwa yigenga igamije kuzahura umubano w’u Rwanda na Uganda.

Muri iyo nkuru, Mwenda agaragaza n’ibimenyetso bifatika, ingingo icyenda z’aho Uganda yashotoye u Rwanda, [ndetse n’indi imwe u Rwanda rwashotoyeho Uganda].

Ibi ariko Mwenda yarabirenze, yandika ko Museveni atigeze agaruka ku kibazo [cy’ishimutwa ry’Abagande mu Rwanda] nubwo abasirikare, abadipolomate n’abakora mu nzego z’ubutasi bakunze kukigarukaho ndetse ko ubutegetsi bwa Kampala butigeze bwamagana ubwa Kigali mu buryo buziguye cyangwa butaziguye. Ati "Gusa ndabizi ko binyuze muri Interpol, u Rwanda na Uganda byagiranye amasezerano yo guhererekanya abakekwaho ibyaha.”

[Iyo nyandiko yagaragaje ko] Mwenda ashyigikiye uruhande rumwe [rwa Uganda] muri iki kibazo gihuje ibihugu byombi.

Kuva icyo gihe Mwenda yakunze kwirinda kwandika kuri iki kibazo, hakanibazwa impamvu yabihagaritse, ariko bigeze ejo bundi ku itariki ya 13 Nzeli, agarukana inkuru ifite umutwe ugira uti ‘kutabona ishusho ngari’ [y’umubano hagati y’u Rwanda na Uganda].

Umuntu asomye izo nkuru ebyiri zegeranye, yakwibaza niba utabona ishusho ngari y’icyo Uganda igamije mu mubano wayo n’u Rwanda, atari Mwenda aho kuba Museveni.

Mwenda atangira yandika ko u Rwanda ‘rushobora kuba rufite intasi nyinshi muri twe [muri Uganda] ndetse ko ‘bishoboka ko benshi mu bafunzwe [bashinjwa ubutasi] bakoze icyo cyaha’, ariko akibaza impamvu ‘Urwego rw’Ubutasi bw’Igisirikare cya Uganda (CMI) rubafunga igihe kinini bataburanishwa cyangwa ngo bamenyeshwe ibirego bitumye bafungwa?’

Mu buryo busanzwe, kuba Abanyarwanda bafungwa na CMI bashinjwa kugira uruhare mu bikorwa by’ubutasi muri Uganda, byakabaye impamvu yo kubashyikiriza, aho kugira ngo bakorerwe iyicarubozo? Niba barakoze ibyaha bashinjwa, ahantu bakwiye kubihamirizwa ni imbere y’amategeko.

Mu kwemeza ko Abanyarwanda bafungiye muri Uganda bakoze ibyo bakekwaho, Mwenda ari kwigira umucamanza, ari nako aha ishingiro ibikorwa byo guhohotera abaturage b’inzirakarengane, kandi akabikora atari uko atazi icyo amategeko asaba, [ahubwo ari mu buryo bwo kwigiza nkana].

Uko kwirengagiza no gusobanura impamvu y’ihohoterwa rikorerwa Abanyarwanda, byerekana Mwenda ari we utari gusobanukirwa n’ishusho ngari y’ibyo Museveni ari gukorera Abanyarwanda, nubwo mu nyandiko ye, asa nk’umugaragaza nk’utazi ibyo ari gukora iyo bigeze ku mubano we n’u Rwanda.

Icyakora bitandukanye n’ibitekerezo bya Mwenda, u Rwanda ruri mu bintu bicye Museveni yashoboye kwerekana neza uruhande ashyigikiye, nubwo yarwerekanye mu buryo bwamugizeho ingaruka. Kuva na kera, imyitwarire ya Museveni ku Rwanda yakomeje gukurikira umurongo mugari yari yarihaye, wo gushyiraho ubutegetsi ashobora kubwira icyo gukora, igihe cyo kugikorera ndetse n’uburyo bwo kugikora.

Iyi ntumbero ya Museveni yatangiye kera cyane ubwo RPF yari imaze kubohora u Rwanda. Icyo gihe, abayobozi ba FPR baratangaye cyane ubwo Museveni yababwiraga ugomba kuzaba Perezida, ndetse n’abantu bagomba guhabwa kuyobora minisiteri runaka. Icyo gihe kandi yashakaga guhora ahamagaza abayobozi b’u Rwanda muri Uganda kugira ngo bahabwe amategeko y’icyo gukora, nubwo ibyo bikorwa bitajyanye n’uburyo za Leta ziba zigomba gukorana ku rwego mpuzamahanga.

Icyerekana iyi myitwarire ya Museveni ni uburyo yahoraga atumanaho na Kayumba Nyamwasa ubwo yari Umugaba Mukuru w’Ingabo z’u Rwanda. Ubusanzwe, imyitwarire nk’iyi ni igikorwa gikomeye gishobora kubyara umwuka mubi hagati y’ibihugu, [ariko Museveni yabikoraga usa nk’udafite icyo yikanga]. Museveni kandi yagerageje gushwanisha Paul Kagame wari Visi Perezida icyo gihe, ndetse na Bizimungu wari Perezida.

Umwanditsi w’amateka ukomoka mu Bufaransa, Gerald Prunier, yagarutse kuri iyi myitwarire ya Museveni mu gitabo yise ‘Africa’s World War (Intambara y’Isi ya Afurika). Yavuze ko nyuma y’uko FPR ibohoye u Rwanda, Museveni yari mu biganiro na Seth Sendashonga wari Minisitiri w’Umutekano, byari bigamije gushaka abasore b’Abanyarwanda bagombaga gukora umutwe urwanya Leta nshya ya FPR yari imaze gushyirwaho.

Prunier avuga ko yakoraga nk’umuhuza hagati ya Sendashonga na Gen Salim Saleh, murumuna wa Museveni, wari wasezeranyije Sendashonga ko Uganda izatanga intwaro muri ibyo bikorwa.

Ku rupapuro rwa 366 mu gitabo cya Prunier, hari aho agira ati “Mu gihe Tanzania ari yemeye kuzafasha abo barwanyi kubona aho bakorera imyitozo, [Sendashonga] yizeraga kuzabona ubufasha [bw’intwaro buturutse] muri Uganda. Yansabye kumufasha kuganira na Leta ya Kampala, kandi nanjye namuhaye abantu yagombaga kuvugana nabo. Ku Cyumweru cya tariki ya 3 Gicurasi, 1998, hari inama yabereye i Nairobi yamuhuje na Salim Saleh. Icyo gihe umubano w’ibihugu byombi ntabwo wari wifashe neza, ndetse yari yiteguye gushyigikira ingabo zagombaga gukuraho ubutegetsi bwa Kigali.

Iyi myitwarire ya Museveni kuri Leta ya FPR yari ikiri kwiyubaka, inagizwe n’abafashije Museveni kubohora Uganda, yatangaje cyane Mwalimu Julius Nyerere wari Perezida wa Tanzania, wigeze kubaza Museveni ‘ikibazo afitanye n’Abanyarwanda. Museveni yamusubije ko ”Batajya banyumva’, ibintu byatunguye Nyerere cyane akagera ubwo yibutsa Museveni ko abo bantu ari kuvuga batamwumva ari abayobozi b’igihugu kigenga.

Ibimenyetso by’uburyo Museveni yakomeje gushotora u Rwanda ntibyarangiriye ku mugambi wo gushaka guhirika Leta ya FPR, kuko no mu 2001, uyu mugabo yagiranye imikoranire na FDLR, umutwe wari umaze gukora Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi mu 1994, ugahungira mu mashyamba ya Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Congo.

Winnie Byanyima wagerageje kunenga iby’uwo mubano, yaje gutabwa muri yombi, ariko mu 2005, biza kugaragara ko ibyo yavugaga byari ukuri, kuko Ignace Murwanashyaka wari Umuyobozi wa FDLR, yafatanywe urupapuro rw’inzira rwa Uganda, ari narwo yakoreshaga mu ngendo zigana hirya no hino ku Isi mu gushaka inkunga yo gufasha uwo mutwe kuzatera u Rwanda.

Mu 2007, Karegeya yahunze u Rwanda anyuze muri Uganda, ndetse nyuma y’imyaka itatu, Kayumba Nyamwasa nawe ahunga anyuze muri icyo gihugu. Muri uwo mwaka nibwo aba bagabo bashinze umutwe w’iterabwoba wa RNC, ndetse muri Kanama 2010, Karegeya atangariza mu kinyamakuru cya Uganda ko intego yabo ari ugukuraho Leta y’u Rwanda binyuze mu mirwano.

Mu 2017, RNC yimuriye icyicaro cyayo muri Uganda, ndetse muri iki gihe nibwo ibikorwa byo guhohotera Abanyarwanda banze kwifatanya n’uwo mutwe byarushagaho gukaza umurego. Uburyo Abanyarwanda bafungirwaga ku muhanda mu maso y’abantu bose, byatumye gutandukanya abakozi ba Leta ya Uganda n’abakorera RNC bigorana, kuko izi mpande zombi zari zifitanye imikoranire idasanzwe.

Kuba umutwe w’iterabwoba, watangaje ko ufite umugambi wo guhirika igihugu cy’igituranyi, warakoranaga bya hafi n’inzego z’umutekano za Uganda byari ikimenyetso simusiga cy’uko inzego z’umutekano za Uganda zarimo kubahiriza amabwiriza zahawe n’abayobozi bakuru b’igihugu.

Muri Werurwe 2018, Perezida Kagame yagiye ku Ngoro ya Perezida Museveni muri Uganda, agirana ibiganiro na mugenzi we. Mu kiganiro n’abanyamakuru, Museveni yemeye ko CMI yafashije RNC mu bikorwa byo gushaka abarwanyi, ndetse no kubafasha kugera mu mashyamba ya Congo.

Muri Werurwe umwaka wakurikiyeho, Museveni yongeye kwemera ko yahuye n’abayobozi ba RNC mu buryo bw’impanuka, mu ibaruwa yandikiye mugenzi we w’u Rwanda. Abo bayobozi barimo Eugene Gasana ndetse na Charlotte Mukankusi nawe wagenderaga ku rupapuro rw’inzira rwa Uganda. Uru rupapuro yaje kurwamburwa binyuze mu biganiro byahuje u Rwanda na Uganda, bihagarariwe n’abahuza barimo Congo na Angola. Abayobozi ba Uganda bamwatse uru rupapuro, bari barabanje gutsemba bavuga ko ntarwo afite.

Ibi bimenyetso byose byerekana ko Museveni ayigeze atezuka ku mugambi we mugari [wo gukuraho Leta ya FPR]. Kuri we, gukuraho Leta y’u Rwanda itamwumva, niyo ntumbero ye nyamukuru.

Mu nkuru ya Mwenda yo mu 2018, yagaragaje ko Perezida Kagame yamugaye kubera uburyo yabonaga impamvu za Museveni ku buryo yageragezaga guhungabanya umutekano w’u Rwanda. Ukuri kwa Perezida Kagame ku buryo yafashe Mwenda kugaragarira muri iyi nyandiko ya Mwenda ivuga ko Museveni atakaza ubushobozi bwo ‘kubona ishusho ngari iyo bigeze ku mubano n’u Rwanda’, [aho avuga ko Museveni aha agaciro ibintu bito byangiza umubano w’ibihugu byombi, aho guha agaciro ibikorwa bigari birimo umubano mwiza hagati y’impande zombi].

Bitandukanye n’ibyo Mwenda atekereza, ubushobozi bwa Museveni bwo kugira umurongo mugari n’ishusho y’icyo yifuza gukora, bigaragara cyane iyo bigeze ku mubano we n’u Rwanda [kurusha uko bigaragara mu bindi bikorwa]. Uwo mugambi mugari afite ku Rwanda, awuryamyeho cyane ku buryo yemera guhara imishinga y’ibikorwaremezo ihuriweho n’ibindi bihugu birimo Tanzania na Kenya, ndetse akanemera agahara amafaranga menshi y’inyungu Abagande bakuraga mu bucuruzi bw’ibicuruzwa boherezaga mu Rwanda mbere y’uko ikibazo hagati y’impande zombi gifata indi ntera.

Mu busanzwe, umuntu ushyigikiye ubwihuze bw’ibihugu byo mu Karere ka Afurika y’Iburasirazuba [ nk’uko Mwenda abigarukaho mu nyandiko ye, avuga ko Museveni arajwe ishinga no kubaka Umuryango w’Ubumwe bwa Afurika y’Iburasirazuba], ntiyagashyigikiye ibikorwa bishobora gukoma mu nkokora iyo ntego, cyane cyane ko mu myaka 20 amaze abikora, nta musaruro na muto arakuramo.

Kwemera guhara inyungu z’Abagande bacuruzaga mu Rwanda nabyo si ikimenyetso cy’umuntu ukunda igihugu cye, ndetse no guhara inyungu z’imishinga ihuriweho n’Akarere ka Afurika y’Iburasirazuba, ntibyerekana urukundo n’ishyaka ryo kubaka Afurika Yunze Ubumwe, kandi byose bikarekurwa kubera gushaka kugera ku ntego ‘y’umugambi wo gukuraho Leta y’u Rwanda nawo wamaze gupfuba’.

Igihe Mwenda yibaza ati “Ni kuki ibi byose byaharwa kubera ibirego by’abantu bashimutwa?” igisubizo kiroroshye: Ntabwo byahagaritswe kubera abantu bashimutwa gusa, byahagaritswe kubera umugambi wa Museveni [wo gushaka gukuraho Leta yatowe n’abaturage], kandi akaba yariyemeje kuzawugumaho kugera awushyize mu bikorwa. Ikindi ni uko ihererekanya ry’abakekwaho ibyaha [ryagarutsweho na Mwenda] ryabaye hagati y’u Rwanda na Uganda, ryabaye mu 2013.

Niba Uganda yari ifite ikibazo ku Banyarwanda batuyeyo, kuko nyuma y’iryo hererekanya, yategereje imyaka itanu mbere yo gutangira kubakorera ibikorwa byari bugire ingaruka zikomeye ku mubano w’ibihugu byombi, na cyane ko yakiriye abakekwaho ibyaha benshi kurusha abo u Rwanda rwakiriye? Ikigaragara cyo ni uko ikibazo cyo gushimuta Abanyarwanda atari cyo ntandaro y’ummubano mubi hagati y’impande zombi.

Icyemezo cya Museveni cyo kwakira ibikorwa bya RNC bigakorera muri Uganda byari ikosa rikomeye. Ingamba zagikurikiye zirimo guhohotera Abanyarwanda muri Uganda, guterana amagambo hagati y’impande zombi ndetse no gufunga umupaka uhuza ibi bihugu.

Muri macye ayo niyo makosa yakozwe na Museveni, ndetse igihe Mwenda azasobanukirwa iyi ngingo, azamenya neza ko ‘Uganda itumvise nabi ibyo u Rwanda rwagaragaje ko birubangamiye’, ari bwo buryo yakoresheje mu kugerageza gukura ikimwaro kuri Museveni, akagishyira aho kidakwiye kuba kiri [kuri CMI], kuko CMI ntabwo igena umubano mu bya dipolomasi hagati ya Uganda n’u Rwanda.

Mu gihe kandi Mwenda yasobanukirwa iyi ngingo, byamufasha kuvugurura imvugo ye iri mu nyandiko, aho avuga ko ‘Umuyobozi mwiza w’urwego rw’ubutasi yakamenye intumbero z’igihugu akorera ubundi agakoresha ubutasi mu kuzigeraho’, kuko ibyo nibyo abayobozi ba CIM bari gukora, ari nacyo gishingirwaho mu ‘kubazamura mu ntera, kubongera ubushobozi ndetse n’umushahara’, nk’uko Mwenda abigarukaho asa nk’uwigiza nkana.

Uyu Mwenda niwe udasobanukiwe umugambi mugari Museveni afite ku Rwanda, ndetse ni mu gihe kuko atigeze awumubwira, dore ko aherutse kubwira France 24 ko amabanga ye ari ‘mu mutwe we’.

Mu yandi magambo, mu gihe Mwenda yahagarika ibyo kwigiza nkana, azabona ko umugambi wa Museveni ku Rwanda udahungabana [iyo bigeze ku mibanire ye n’u Rwanda] ahubwo ko ari bwo ugaragara neza, nubwo utabura kumugiraho ingaruka.

Andrew Mwenda ayobya uburari agaragaza ko ikibazo cya Uganda n'u Rwanda ntaho gihuriye n'ibikorwa bya Perezida Museveni byo gushaka kubangamira ubuyobozi bwa Leta y'u Rwanda

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