Kurwanya COVID-19 si iby’Ubuhanuzi: Gukurikiza amabwiriza ya Leta ni cyo gisubizo

Yanditswe na Tom Ndahiro
Kuya 25 Werurwe 2020 saa 08:04
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Ku mbuga nkoranyambaga by’umwihariko WhatsApp, mperutse kubona umuntu wanditse asaba imbabazi uwo ariwe wese yifurije kuzagira umwaka mwiza wa 2020. Impamvu yatanze ni ukubera guhagarika umutima byazanye n’icyorezo cyadutse cya COVID-19 kije muri uyu mwaka kikaba gihangayikishije Isi yose.

Uwabyanditse simuzi, cyakora kuba ahangayitse kubera gutegekwa kuguma mu rugo ku mpamvu zo kwikingira kwa twese birumvikana. Nahumure ibyorezo ntibizanwa n’umwaka.

Hari n’abagurishije utwabo mu 1999 barabeshywe n’abemera iby’umunsi w’imperuka ko nta we uwa 2000 uzasiga. Hari n’abari baraciye igikuba ngo za mudasobwa zizajijwa kubera icyo bise Y2K. Na n’ubu akazi karakomeje!

Abatabyibuka bazabaze iby’Umupadiri w’Umugande witwa Joseph Kibwetere wicishije abantu bagera ku 1000 barimo abarenga 300 biyahuriye hamwe ahitwa Kanungu ku wa 17 Werurwe 2000. Abiyishe n’ubayoboye bari mu cyo bise Muvoma yo kubungabunga Amategeko Cumi y’Imana (Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God).

N’uwagendera ku byago n’amagorwa y’abantu, nta Munyarwanda wakangwa no kuguma mu rugo atanatotezwa azi ibyabaye mu mwaka wa 1994. Ibi ni ibizavugwa bihagije mu byumweru bike bitaha.

Reka ngaruke kuri Coronavirus. Iki cyorezo cyatangiye kumenyekana aho cyagaragaye bwa mbere mu Bushinwa, mu mpera z’umwaka 2019 no mu ntangiriro z’uyu. Ni mu Mujyi wa Wuhan batangiye gukingirana abantu mu nzu babuza abandi kugenda, ariko n’abandi bahunga icyo gihugu.

Ku itariki ya 11 Werurwe 2020, Ishami ry’Umuryango w’Abibumbye ryita ku Buzima (OMS/WHO) ryemeje ku mugaragaro ko COVID-19 ari icyorezo cyugarije Isi. Mu gihe Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus uyobora OMS abitangaza ko COVID-19 ari icyorezo cy’Isi, abantu bari bamaze kwandura bari 200,000 abo kimaze guhitana ari 8,000.

Icyo gihe u Rwanda rwari rwaratangiye gufata ingamba zo kugikumira no kugihashya mu gihe kihageze, ariko rutaramenya ko hari uwanduye iyo ndwara. Uwayanduye wa mbere mu gihugu yamenyekanye ku wa 14 Werurwe. Nyuma y’iminsi ibiri abari banduye bamenyekanye bari bamaze kuba batanu. Hashize iminsi itatu abanduye bazwi bikubye inshuro zirenga ebyiri baba cumi n’umwe.

Ibimenyetso by’uko ibintu byakomeye atari aho kujenjeka byari byaragaragaye. Uretse abantu kureka amateraniro arimo n’aho abantu basengera no gufungwa kw’amashuri, ku wa 18 Werurwe hafashwe ingamba zirenze kwirinda kuramukanya no gukaraba, akanozasuku k’ibiganza n’intoki n’ibindi.

Itangazo rya Minisiteri y’Ubuzima ryahagaritse “ingendo z’indege ziva cyangwa zijya mu Rwanda, harimo na RwandAir, zinyuze ku Kibuga Mpuzamahanga cya Kigali uhereye tariki ya 20 Werurwe 2020 saa sita z’ijoro. Ibyo bikamara igihe cy’iminsi 30 ishobora kongerwa. Indege z’ubwikorezi n’ubutabazi zemerewe gukomeza gukora uko bisanzwe.

Bukeye nibwo hasohotse itangazo rya Minisitiri w’Intebe ririmo ingamba icumi zijyanye n’ubukana bwa Coronavirus. Harimo gusaba abaturarwanda kuguma mu ngo, guhagarika ingendo zimwe na zimwe, za moto kureka gutwara abagenzi n’izindi. Izo ngamba zikaba zizamara ibyumweru bibiri, ni ukuvuga ko iminsi itiyongereye, uretse ko kwiyongera ari byo byashoboka, byarangira ku wa 3 Mata.

Mu bihe nk’ibi abatari bake barahungabana bakishyira mu maboko y’imbaraga zitagaragara, kuko bibaha amahoro. Ku wa 15 Werurwe uyu mwaka, nyuma y’aho OMS yemereje ubukana bw’iki cyorezo, insengero nyinshi z’abakirisitu muri Kenya zaruzuye, abayoboke baje kwishinganisha ku yo bemera ko yabaremye ngo ibarinde “idayimoni” Coronavirus.

Nta wabuza umuntu kwemera ibyo yemera, ariko hagati yo gusenga no gukurikiza amabwiriza ya Leta ashingira ku bushakashatsi bukorwa n’abahanga muri siyansi, hari kimwe kiri munsi y’ikindi. Gusengera virusi nk’idayimoni, ni amashyengo akabije.

Amasengesho abaye ari igisubizo, iyi ndwara ntiyakwica abihayimana. Kuba Papa i Roma yemera agahagarika amasengesho yo mu Kiliziya, ni uko yemera inama ishingiye kuri siyansi. Kuba imisigiti, za kiliziya n’amateraniro n’insengero bifunze mu Rwanda no mu bihugu byinshi ku Isi mu rwego rwo kwirinda iki cyorezo ntibibuza abantu kuba Abayisilamu n’Abakirisitu beza.

Abayobozi b’ayo madini bemeye inama zishingiye ku buhanga, ntibibahindura abahakanyi. Babyemeye kuko bashyira mu gaciro, bakirinda amarangamutima yagusha abantu mu rupfu. Nta masengesho n’ibyiringiro byari byakiza cyangwa kworoshya ubukana bw’indwara ku muntu urwaye SIDA cyangwa Ebola cyangwa undi mugera waba uwa virusi cyangwa udukoko (bacteria).

Abahanga bakora imiti bagakora n’inkingo z’indwara bikoreshwa na bose batitaye ku myemerere. Nkuko amadini ahuza abantu batari bake, akanabafasha mu buzima bwabo, abahanga muri siyansi nabo bahurira ku gushakisha icyagirira abantu akamaro.

Inshingano y’abo bahanga ni ugukora imiti n’inkingo by’indwara zisanzwe zizwi n’izimenyekanye vuba. Ndetse ni nabo biga ingamba zakoreshwa mu gukingira abantu ikwirakwira ry’ibyorezo bicyaduka n’indwara zisanzwe.

COVID-19 ntabwo ari cyo cyorezo kibayeho bwa mbere gifata imyanya y’ubuhumekero. Hari ibyorezo bya vuba aha ariko hari n’ibindi byabayeho mbere. Mu 1918 hadutse icyorezo cy’ibicurane bise Influenza. Icyo cyorezo mu myaka ibiri cyishe abantu barenga miliyoni mirongo itanu. Zimwe mu ngamba zafashwe kukirwanya n’ubwo zafashwe bitinze, ni kimwe n’izafashwe ku Isi nyuma y’imyaka irenga 100 hadutse COVID-19.

Aho izo ngamba zubahirijwe, ari icyo gihe cy’imyaka irenga 100 n’ubu ikwirakwira ry’uburwayi byaragabanutse. U Bushinwa, Korea y’Amajyepfo, Singapore, Taiwan n’ahandi bakajije umurego, kandi hari ubucucike bw’abaturage, indwara barayicogoje. Aho biraye nk’u Butaliyani, u Bufaransa no muri Espagne, birirwa bahamba ndetse n’abandi babura gihamba.

Kwirinda biruta kwivuza. N’ubuzima butarimo kwishyira ukizana mu gihe gito ni cyo gisubizo cyo kurinda umuturanyi inshuti n’umuvandimwe urupfu n’umubabaro bitari ngombwa. Ingamba zafashwe na Leta, ni ku neza ya bose. Kutazubahiriza ni uguhembera icyorezo. Nabyo n’irindi gwingira.


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